Evolution of circoviruses in lorikeets lags behind its hosts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of endogenous viral elements in host genomes hints towards much older host'virus relationships than predicted by exogenous phylogenies, with highly mutable single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses and RNA viruses often occupying entangled multispecies ecological niches. The difficulty lies in unravelling the long-term evolutionary history of vertebrate virus'host relationships and determining the age of a potentially ancient tree based only fresh shoots at the tips. Resolving such lineages, and the sometimes great discrepancy amongst evolutionary timescales, is problematic, especially when purifying selection or recombination can significantly alter the accuracy of phylogenetic reconstruction methods. Pathogens which occupy entangled multispecies ecological niches add a further layer of complexity but we show that multi-host scenarios may also provide opportunities to identify allopatric or sympatric paleobiological signals that can unlock longer term phylogenies. We identified host-based, cryptic, sympatric differentiation in beak and feather disease virus in the Psittaciformes tribe Loriini along with endogenous circovirus motifs in Kea (Nestor notabilis) and Gondwanan vicariance estimates to infer the evolutionary timescale of the circoviruses. This demonstrated a chronology of psittacine circovirus speciation aligned to conservative Zealandic divergences for relic circovirus motifs in Kea and a 10 million year divergence coinciding with the Papuan central range orogeny that triggered the radiation of Loriini and segregation of an antecedent viral clade in Australian lorikeets. Estimates of circovirus speciation in birds highlighted a Gondwanan dominant group in Neoaves with passerine, columbid and larid circoviruses deeply separated from those in waterfowl, consistent with a Triassic divergence of Galloanserae. The circovirus tree had a deep ancestry in invertebrates with a Palaeozoic expansion in fish and mammals. We show that longer term evolutionary relationships in viruses which have a high rate of mutation and admixture can be disentangled, highlighting that contemporary virus host-switching can be explained by deep intra-lineage host phylogeny.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-291
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume100
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Circoviridae
Circovirus
virus
Phylogeny
Psittaciformes
phylogeny
Viruses
divergence
viruses
niches
Beak and feather disease virus
ssDNA viruses
timescale
vertebrate viruses
vicariance
Chronology
waterfowl
passerine
feather
DNA Viruses

Grant Number

  • FT120100242

Cite this

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title = "Evolution of circoviruses in lorikeets lags behind its hosts",
abstract = "The presence of endogenous viral elements in host genomes hints towards much older host'virus relationships than predicted by exogenous phylogenies, with highly mutable single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses and RNA viruses often occupying entangled multispecies ecological niches. The difficulty lies in unravelling the long-term evolutionary history of vertebrate virus'host relationships and determining the age of a potentially ancient tree based only fresh shoots at the tips. Resolving such lineages, and the sometimes great discrepancy amongst evolutionary timescales, is problematic, especially when purifying selection or recombination can significantly alter the accuracy of phylogenetic reconstruction methods. Pathogens which occupy entangled multispecies ecological niches add a further layer of complexity but we show that multi-host scenarios may also provide opportunities to identify allopatric or sympatric paleobiological signals that can unlock longer term phylogenies. We identified host-based, cryptic, sympatric differentiation in beak and feather disease virus in the Psittaciformes tribe Loriini along with endogenous circovirus motifs in Kea (Nestor notabilis) and Gondwanan vicariance estimates to infer the evolutionary timescale of the circoviruses. This demonstrated a chronology of psittacine circovirus speciation aligned to conservative Zealandic divergences for relic circovirus motifs in Kea and a 10 million year divergence coinciding with the Papuan central range orogeny that triggered the radiation of Loriini and segregation of an antecedent viral clade in Australian lorikeets. Estimates of circovirus speciation in birds highlighted a Gondwanan dominant group in Neoaves with passerine, columbid and larid circoviruses deeply separated from those in waterfowl, consistent with a Triassic divergence of Galloanserae. The circovirus tree had a deep ancestry in invertebrates with a Palaeozoic expansion in fish and mammals. We show that longer term evolutionary relationships in viruses which have a high rate of mutation and admixture can be disentangled, highlighting that contemporary virus host-switching can be explained by deep intra-lineage host phylogeny.",
keywords = "BFDV, Circoviridae, Circovirus, Host-parasite co-evolution, Host-switch, Paleovirology, Rate of evolution, SsDNA virus, Virus speciation",
author = "Shubhagata Das and Subir Sarker and Andrew Peters and Seyed Ghorashi and David Phalen and Jade Forwood and Shane Raidal",
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Evolution of circoviruses in lorikeets lags behind its hosts. / Das, Shubhagata; Sarker, Subir; Peters, Andrew; Ghorashi, Seyed; Phalen, David; Forwood, Jade; Raidal, Shane.

In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol. 100, 2016, p. 281-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evolution of circoviruses in lorikeets lags behind its hosts

AU - Das, Shubhagata

AU - Sarker, Subir

AU - Peters, Andrew

AU - Ghorashi, Seyed

AU - Phalen, David

AU - Forwood, Jade

AU - Raidal, Shane

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PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The presence of endogenous viral elements in host genomes hints towards much older host'virus relationships than predicted by exogenous phylogenies, with highly mutable single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses and RNA viruses often occupying entangled multispecies ecological niches. The difficulty lies in unravelling the long-term evolutionary history of vertebrate virus'host relationships and determining the age of a potentially ancient tree based only fresh shoots at the tips. Resolving such lineages, and the sometimes great discrepancy amongst evolutionary timescales, is problematic, especially when purifying selection or recombination can significantly alter the accuracy of phylogenetic reconstruction methods. Pathogens which occupy entangled multispecies ecological niches add a further layer of complexity but we show that multi-host scenarios may also provide opportunities to identify allopatric or sympatric paleobiological signals that can unlock longer term phylogenies. We identified host-based, cryptic, sympatric differentiation in beak and feather disease virus in the Psittaciformes tribe Loriini along with endogenous circovirus motifs in Kea (Nestor notabilis) and Gondwanan vicariance estimates to infer the evolutionary timescale of the circoviruses. This demonstrated a chronology of psittacine circovirus speciation aligned to conservative Zealandic divergences for relic circovirus motifs in Kea and a 10 million year divergence coinciding with the Papuan central range orogeny that triggered the radiation of Loriini and segregation of an antecedent viral clade in Australian lorikeets. Estimates of circovirus speciation in birds highlighted a Gondwanan dominant group in Neoaves with passerine, columbid and larid circoviruses deeply separated from those in waterfowl, consistent with a Triassic divergence of Galloanserae. The circovirus tree had a deep ancestry in invertebrates with a Palaeozoic expansion in fish and mammals. We show that longer term evolutionary relationships in viruses which have a high rate of mutation and admixture can be disentangled, highlighting that contemporary virus host-switching can be explained by deep intra-lineage host phylogeny.

AB - The presence of endogenous viral elements in host genomes hints towards much older host'virus relationships than predicted by exogenous phylogenies, with highly mutable single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses and RNA viruses often occupying entangled multispecies ecological niches. The difficulty lies in unravelling the long-term evolutionary history of vertebrate virus'host relationships and determining the age of a potentially ancient tree based only fresh shoots at the tips. Resolving such lineages, and the sometimes great discrepancy amongst evolutionary timescales, is problematic, especially when purifying selection or recombination can significantly alter the accuracy of phylogenetic reconstruction methods. Pathogens which occupy entangled multispecies ecological niches add a further layer of complexity but we show that multi-host scenarios may also provide opportunities to identify allopatric or sympatric paleobiological signals that can unlock longer term phylogenies. We identified host-based, cryptic, sympatric differentiation in beak and feather disease virus in the Psittaciformes tribe Loriini along with endogenous circovirus motifs in Kea (Nestor notabilis) and Gondwanan vicariance estimates to infer the evolutionary timescale of the circoviruses. This demonstrated a chronology of psittacine circovirus speciation aligned to conservative Zealandic divergences for relic circovirus motifs in Kea and a 10 million year divergence coinciding with the Papuan central range orogeny that triggered the radiation of Loriini and segregation of an antecedent viral clade in Australian lorikeets. Estimates of circovirus speciation in birds highlighted a Gondwanan dominant group in Neoaves with passerine, columbid and larid circoviruses deeply separated from those in waterfowl, consistent with a Triassic divergence of Galloanserae. The circovirus tree had a deep ancestry in invertebrates with a Palaeozoic expansion in fish and mammals. We show that longer term evolutionary relationships in viruses which have a high rate of mutation and admixture can be disentangled, highlighting that contemporary virus host-switching can be explained by deep intra-lineage host phylogeny.

KW - BFDV

KW - Circoviridae

KW - Circovirus

KW - Host-parasite co-evolution

KW - Host-switch

KW - Paleovirology

KW - Rate of evolution

KW - SsDNA virus

KW - Virus speciation

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DO - 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.024

M3 - Article

VL - 100

SP - 281

EP - 291

JO - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

JF - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

SN - 1055-7903

ER -