Exploring the potential use of wearable devices as a prognostic tool among patients in hospice care

Yaoru Huang, Muhammad Ashad Kabir, Umashankar Upadhyay, Eshita Dhar, Mohy Uddin, Shabbir Syed-Abdul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Smartphones and wearable devices have become a part and parcel of the healthcare industry. The use of wearable technology has already proved its potentials in improving healthcare research, clinical work, and patient care. The real time data allows the care providers to monitor the patients’ symptoms remotely, prioritize the patients’ visits, assist in decision-making, and carry out advanced care planning.
Objectives: The primary objective of our study was to investigate the potential use of wearable devices as a prognosis tool among patients in hospice care and palliative care, and the secondary objective was to examine the association between wearable devices and clinical data in the context of patient outcomes, such as discharge and deceased at various time intervals.
Methods: We employed a prospective observational research approach to continuously monitor the hand movements of the selected 68 patients between December 2019 and June 2022 via an actigraphy device at hospice or palliative care ward of Taipei Medical University Hospital (TMUH) in Taiwan.
Results: The results revealed that the patients with higher scores in the Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), and Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) tended to live at discharge, while Palliative Prognostic Score (PaP) and Palliative prognostic Index (PPI) also shared the similar trend. In addition, the results also confirmed that all these evaluating tools only suggested rough rather than accurate and definite prediction. The outcomes (May be Discharge (MBD) or expired) were positively correlated with accumulated angle and spin values, i.e., the patients who survived had higher angle and spin values as compared to those who died/expired.
Conclusion: The outcomes had higher correlation with angle value compared to spin and ACT. The correlation value increased within the first 48 h and then began to decline. We recommend rigorous prospective observational studies/randomized control trials with many participants for the investigations in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1824
Number of pages18
JournalMedicina
Volume58
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2022

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