Extraction of fipronil and thiobencarb from anaerobic water samples using solid-phase extraction

Gregory Doran, Stuart Helliwell, Philip Eberbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Anaerobic water samples containing levels of soluble Fe(II) may form insoluble Fe(III) particulates that could hinder subsequent extraction and analysis. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridges could become blocked by this material, reducing the volume that can be processed. The ability of ascorbic acid to reduce these Fe(III) colloids and/or to prevent further oxidation of Fe(II) by dissolved oxygen during sampling was investigated and compared to sample stabilization with hydrochloric acid. Ascorbic acid (5%, w/v) proved the most effective treatment because it prevented 95% of the dissolved iron in the sample from precipitating during processing, compared to 40% in untreated samples. The effect of ascorbic acid addition on degradation of 2 rice pesticides, fipronil and thiobencarb, was investigated and compared to degradation rates in water. Pesticide reduction by ascorbic acid over a 3 h period was insignificant compared to the natural degradation occurring in deionized water. While this method was shown to increase sample processing time, it also allowed the processing of large-volume anaerobic water samples (150 mL) that were previously not extractable due to rapid obstruction of the SPE cartridge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-859
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of AOAC International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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