In the Indus Basin of Pakistan, the irrigation water demand is generally greater than entitlement for the canal water. This gap between the demand and supply of irrigation water is mainly due to the increase in cropping intensities and change in cropping patterns. Farmerstry and minimize this gap by undertaking various water management activities. This paper looks at how farmers respond and manage the gap between irrigation water demand and canalwater entitlement at the farm level. Specifically, the study investigates actions farmers undertake at times when this gap is negative, zero or positive and the outcomes of those actions.The study was undertaken in the command of Chistian Sub-Division of the Fordwah Irrigation System in southeastern Punjab, Pakistan. The two tail distributaries, Mahmood and Fordwah, were selected based on their different physical features and delivery environments.Six watercourses were selected in the commands of these two distributaries for detailed monitoring of the data and field measurements. The criteria used for the selection of distributaries were also used for the selection of watercourses. However, an additional parameter, i.e., the tubewell density per 100 ha, was also considered while selecting the watercourses for monitoring. The data was collected for two crop seasons, kharif (summerseason) 1997 and rabi (winter season) 1997-98. Relative water supply was used as an indicator to demonstrate farmers' management responses to meet the gap between demand and supply.
|Title of host publication||FAO/ICID International Workshop on Irrigation Advisory Services and Participatory Extension in Irrigation Management|
|Place of Publication||Canada|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
|Event||18th Congress and 53rd IEC meeting of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) - Montreal, Canada, Canada|
Duration: 24 Jul 2002 → …
|Workshop||18th Congress and 53rd IEC meeting of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID)|
|Period||24/07/02 → …|
Wahaj, R., & Asghar, M. (2002). Farmers' management responses to the gap between supply and demand of canal water in a large-scale irrigation system. In M. Kay (Ed.), FAO/ICID International Workshop on Irrigation Advisory Services and Participatory Extension in Irrigation Management (pp. 1-22). FAO/ICID.