Farms and farmers – conservation agriculture amid a changing farm sector

Ross Kingwell, Andrew Rice, James Pratley, Allan Mayfield, Harm van Rees

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)

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Abstract

Conservation agriculture (CA) in Australia had its beginnings in the early 1970s with the release by ICI of Spray.Seed®, comprising paraquat and diquat (Pratley and Rowell 1987). However, it was not until 1978 with the release of diclofop (Hoegrass®) for post-emergent ryegrass and wild oat control and then the safer, more effective glyphosate (Roundup®) in 1980 by Monsanto for seedbed vegetation control that the tools were in place for adoption of direct drilling (DD) of crops. Adoption of DD was fastest in Western Australia (WA) with its large areas of sandy soils suited to DD and its larger farms and crop areas that benefited from more timely sowing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAustralian agriculture in 2020
Subtitle of host publicationFrom conservation to automation
EditorsJim Pratley, John Kirkegaard
Place of PublicationWagga Wagga, Australia
PublisherAustralian Society for Agronomy
Chapter3
Pages33-45
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780648581901
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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    Kingwell, R., Rice, A., Pratley, J., Mayfield, A., & van Rees, H. (2019). Farms and farmers – conservation agriculture amid a changing farm sector. In J. Pratley, & J. Kirkegaard (Eds.), Australian agriculture in 2020: From conservation to automation (pp. 33-45). Australian Society for Agronomy. http://agronomyaustraliaproceedings.org/index.php/special-publications