Fatty acid composition of three rice varieties following storage

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Abstract

The petroleum ether extractable lipids (PEE-L) and aqueous propan-1-ol extractable lipids (PWE-L) of three varieties of rice were determined gravimetrically and characterised by fatty acid profiles. The content of PEE-L (22·5'28·2 mg g'1) was higher than that of PWE-L (7·4'11·5 mg g'1) in brown rice with the situation reversed in milled rice (3·0'4·5 mg g'1vs. 7·2'8·7 mg g'1). The ratio of unsaturated fatty acid to saturated fatty acid was about two times higher in PEE-L than that in PWE-L for both brown and milled rice reflecting the selective complexation of saturated fatty acids. Rice storage at 37 °C resulted in some minor but statistically significant changes in the fatty acid profile. In the case of brown rice, the only notable changes were a reduction in the amounts of oleic and linoleic acids in the aqueous propan-1-ol extractable fatty acid fraction (PWE-FA) following storage at the higher temperature. Milled rice of all three varieties showed a decrease in linoleic acid content of PEE-L following storage at 37 °C for 4 and 7 months compared to storage at 4 °C. There was no change in fatty acid contents of PWE-L of milled rice when stored at 4 and 37 °C for 4 and 7 months. This implies that the PWE-L (or bound lipids) were more stable than PEE-L (or free lipids) during storage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-335
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cereal Science
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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