The tooth is a complex biological organ that consists of multiple tissues, including enamel, dentin, cementum, and pulp. Missing teeth is a common and frequently occurring problem in aging populations. To treat these defects, the current approach involves fixed or removable prostheses, autotransplantation, and dental implants. The exploration of new strategies for tooth replacement has become a hot topic. Using the foundations of experimental embryology, developmental and molecular biology, and the principles of biomimetics, tooth regeneration is becoming a realistic possibility. Several different methods have been proposed to achieve biological tooth replacement[1-8]. These include scaffold-based tooth regeneration, cell pellet engineering, chimeric tooth engineering, stimulation of the formation of a third dentition, and gene-manipulated tooth regeneration. The idea that a third dentition might be locally induced to replace missing teeth is an attractive concept[5,8,9]. This approach is generally presented in terms of adding molecules to induce de novo tooth initiation in the mouth. It might be combined with gene-manipulated tooth regeneration; that is, endogenous dental cells in situ can be activated or repressed by a gene-delivery technique to produce a tooth. Tooth development is the result of reciprocal and reiterative signaling between oral ectoderm-derived dental epithelium and cranial neural crest cell-derived dental mesenchyme under genetic control [10-12]. More than 200 genes are known to be expressed during tooth development.
|Title of host publication||Gene therapy|
|Subtitle of host publication||Tools and potential applications|
|Editors||Francisco Martin Molina|
|Place of Publication||Croatia|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|