Finding alternatives of livelihood sources for forest dependent communities in protected areas

A case study of Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

M. M. Meilani, R. Thwaites, D. Race, W. Andayani, L. R.W. Faida, A. Maryudi

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

Abstract

This study evaluates the impacts of the establishment of Sebangau National Park (SNP) in Indonesia, on local people's livelihoods. SNP was established in 2004 and covers more than 560 thousand hectares of peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan Province. SNP was a production forest for more than 20 years and almost half of the area has been degraded. SNP is surrounded by almost 50 thousand people whose livelihoods depend on SNP's resources before, during, and after the changing status of the area from production to conservation forest. Nowadays, about 6-7% of local community are categorised as poor people and surviving from their subsistence livelihoods. This study shows that the establishment of the park changes the livelihood strategies of local communities. People shifted their livelihood sources from forest resource extractions, particularly logging, to agriculture (farming and fishing). Some strategies to maintain and improve the livelihoods of local communities within the restrictive regulations of SNP management include: (1) regulating the collection of non-timber forest products so that it would not threaten the ecological balance of the forests; (2) developing agroforestry system; (3) involving local communities in the rehabilitation programs within rehabilitation zone; (4) developing ecotourism; and (5) involving in communities in the REDD+ program prepared by SNP.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIOP Conference Series
Subtitle of host publicationEarth and Environmental Science
Volume285
Edition1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2019
EventIUFRO International and Multi-disciplinary Scientific Conference on Forest-Related Policy and Governance: Analyses in the Environmental Social Sciences, IUFROBOGOR 2016 - Bogor, Indonesia
Duration: 04 Oct 201607 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
ISSN (Print)1755-1307

Conference

ConferenceIUFRO International and Multi-disciplinary Scientific Conference on Forest-Related Policy and Governance: Analyses in the Environmental Social Sciences, IUFROBOGOR 2016
CountryIndonesia
CityBogor
Period04/10/1607/10/16

Fingerprint

protected area
national park
park management
nontimber forest product
swamp forest
ecotourism
forest resource
agroforestry
subsistence
livelihood
province
peat
fishing
agriculture
resource
programme
rehabilitation

Cite this

Meilani, M. M., Thwaites, R., Race, D., Andayani, W., Faida, L. R. W., & Maryudi, A. (2019). Finding alternatives of livelihood sources for forest dependent communities in protected areas: A case study of Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (1 ed., Vol. 285). (IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/285/1/012005
Meilani, M. M. ; Thwaites, R. ; Race, D. ; Andayani, W. ; Faida, L. R.W. ; Maryudi, A. / Finding alternatives of livelihood sources for forest dependent communities in protected areas : A case study of Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Vol. 285 1. ed. 2019. (IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science).
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abstract = "This study evaluates the impacts of the establishment of Sebangau National Park (SNP) in Indonesia, on local people's livelihoods. SNP was established in 2004 and covers more than 560 thousand hectares of peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan Province. SNP was a production forest for more than 20 years and almost half of the area has been degraded. SNP is surrounded by almost 50 thousand people whose livelihoods depend on SNP's resources before, during, and after the changing status of the area from production to conservation forest. Nowadays, about 6-7{\%} of local community are categorised as poor people and surviving from their subsistence livelihoods. This study shows that the establishment of the park changes the livelihood strategies of local communities. People shifted their livelihood sources from forest resource extractions, particularly logging, to agriculture (farming and fishing). Some strategies to maintain and improve the livelihoods of local communities within the restrictive regulations of SNP management include: (1) regulating the collection of non-timber forest products so that it would not threaten the ecological balance of the forests; (2) developing agroforestry system; (3) involving local communities in the rehabilitation programs within rehabilitation zone; (4) developing ecotourism; and (5) involving in communities in the REDD+ program prepared by SNP.",
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Meilani, MM, Thwaites, R, Race, D, Andayani, W, Faida, LRW & Maryudi, A 2019, Finding alternatives of livelihood sources for forest dependent communities in protected areas: A case study of Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 1 edn, vol. 285, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, IUFRO International and Multi-disciplinary Scientific Conference on Forest-Related Policy and Governance: Analyses in the Environmental Social Sciences, IUFROBOGOR 2016, Bogor, Indonesia, 04/10/16. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/285/1/012005

Finding alternatives of livelihood sources for forest dependent communities in protected areas : A case study of Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. / Meilani, M. M.; Thwaites, R.; Race, D.; Andayani, W.; Faida, L. R.W.; Maryudi, A.

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Vol. 285 1. ed. 2019. (IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science).

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Meilani MM, Thwaites R, Race D, Andayani W, Faida LRW, Maryudi A. Finding alternatives of livelihood sources for forest dependent communities in protected areas: A case study of Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 1 ed. Vol. 285. 2019. (IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/285/1/012005