In 1993, contrary to the trend towards enterprise bargaining, and despite an employment environment favouring strong managerial prerogative, a small group of employers in the Queensland commercial health and fitness industry sought industrial regulation through an industry-specific award. A range of factors, including increased competition and unscrupulous profiteers damaging the industry's reputation, triggered the actions as a business strategy. The strategic choices of the employer group, to approach a union to initiate a consent award, are the inverse of behaviours expected under strategic choice theory. This paper argues that organizational size, collective employer action, focus on industry rather than organizational outcomes, and the traditional industrial relations system providing broader impacts, explain their atypical behaviour.
Maconachie, G., & Sappey, J. (2013). Flexing some Muscle: Strategy and Outcomes in the Queensland Health and Fitness Industry. The Journal of Industrial Relations, 55(1), 136-154. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022185612465528