Forages for agricultural production and catchment protection in Eritrea.

Edwin Wolfe, Tzeggai Tesfai, Bruce Cook, Eskender Tesfay, Alison Bowman

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

Abstract

This paper describes a collaborative project between Eritrean and Australian scientists to improve the forage base in Eritrea. An initial agroecosystem analysis, based on 2 short visits and a review of literature, focussed on how the Australian Government could assist the National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) in Eritrea undertake a capacity-building project relevant to the local livestock industries. After taking account of the unique context of land use, land tenure and livestock management in Eritrea, a 'Forage Options' project was recommended and approved. In an attempt to accommodate the wide range of environments in Eritrea, a list of mainly leguminous germplasm of temperate/Mediterranean and tropical/subtropical origins was compiled using expert knowledge and passport data. Seed was acquired from Australian, ILRI and USDA collections. In 2006, at the start of the local wet season (summer), 261 temperate species (mainly legumes and some chenopod shrubs), 51 tropical grasses and 83 tropical legumes plus 6 local genotypes were sown for assessment at 2 sites, Halhale in the Central Highlands and Shambuko in the Western Lowlands. In June 2007, a further 160 tropical genotypes, mostly legumes, were sown in observation rows at Halhale. Project activities have included regular assessments of the genotypes supplemented with bi-annual training/inspection visits from the Australian forage specialist (BC). These assessments and inspections have produced a provisional short-list of 10-15 species for each of 9 potential forage niches in Eritrea.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication14th AAC
Subtitle of host publicationGlobal issues. Paddock action
EditorsMurray Unkovich
Place of PublicationAdelaide
PublisherThe Regional Institute
Pages1-4
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)1920842349
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Event14th Australian Agronomy Conference - Adelaide, Australia
Duration: 21 Sep 200825 Sep 2008

Conference

Conference14th Australian Agronomy Conference
CountryAustralia
Period21/09/0825/09/08

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  • Cite this

    Wolfe, E., Tesfai, T., Cook, B., Tesfay, E., & Bowman, A. (2008). Forages for agricultural production and catchment protection in Eritrea. In M. Unkovich (Ed.), 14th AAC: Global issues. Paddock action (pp. 1-4). The Regional Institute.