Forages for agricultural production and catchment protection in Eritrea.

Edwin Wolfe, Tzeggai Tesfai, Bruce Cook, Eskender Tesfay, Alison Bowman

    Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paperpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper describes a collaborative project between Eritrean and Australian scientists to improve the forage base in Eritrea. An initial agroecosystem analysis, based on 2 short visits and a review of literature, focussed on how the Australian Government could assist the National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) in Eritrea undertake a capacity-building project relevant to the local livestock industries. After taking account of the unique context of land use, land tenure and livestock management in Eritrea, a 'Forage Options' project was recommended and approved. In an attempt to accommodate the wide range of environments in Eritrea, a list of mainly leguminous germplasm of temperate/Mediterranean and tropical/subtropical origins was compiled using expert knowledge and passport data. Seed was acquired from Australian, ILRI and USDA collections. In 2006, at the start of the local wet season (summer), 261 temperate species (mainly legumes and some chenopod shrubs), 51 tropical grasses and 83 tropical legumes plus 6 local genotypes were sown for assessment at 2 sites, Halhale in the Central Highlands and Shambuko in the Western Lowlands. In June 2007, a further 160 tropical genotypes, mostly legumes, were sown in observation rows at Halhale. Project activities have included regular assessments of the genotypes supplemented with bi-annual training/inspection visits from the Australian forage specialist (BC). These assessments and inspections have produced a provisional short-list of 10-15 species for each of 9 potential forage niches in Eritrea.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication14th AAC
    Subtitle of host publicationGlobal issues. Paddock action
    EditorsMurray Unkovich
    Place of PublicationAdelaide
    PublisherThe Regional Institute
    Pages1-4
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Electronic)1920842349
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    Event14th Australian Agronomy Conference - Adelaide, Australia
    Duration: 21 Sep 200825 Sep 2008

    Conference

    Conference14th Australian Agronomy Conference
    Country/TerritoryAustralia
    Period21/09/0825/09/08

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