Formulating A Sustainable Urban Groundwater Environmental Policy Under Increasing Population Demand

Hamza Gabriel, Shahbaz Khan

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paperpeer-review

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This paper provides an overview of Pakistan’s water-related problems in an urban context and how environmental policies have failed to address water quality degradation. The urban water problems include droughts, floods, water pollution and deterioration of water-related ecosystems. In this paper evolution of water law and policy to protect environment and its links with the water quality are explored in an urban setting of Lahore – the capital of the Punjab province of Pakistan. About 75% of Lahore’s water requirement is met by groundwater which is recharged by the River Ravi. The Ravi River is also a recipient of urban and industrial waste waters of Lahore as well other urban and industrial waste on its way to Pakistan from the Indian part of the catchment. The River Ravi once a river that could sustain life and livelihoods for tens of thousands of people, is now one of the most polluted river in the world. The river Ravi presently receives 47% of the total municipal and industrial pollution load discharged into all the rivers of Pakistan. Due to very high dependence of river recharge to groundwater a better understanding of the surface-ground water interactions is highly important to maintain the quantity and the quality of the urban supplies. Environmental policies which link urban, agricultural and industrial water cycle especially the surface-ground water interactions are important to help formulate sustainable management of Lahore’s water supplies. In this paper institutional reforms linked with the objectives of sustainable water resources management have been proposed
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Research Event
Subtitle of host publication2007 proceedings and program : global problems - local solutions, 11th Annual Environmental Postgraduate Conference
EditorsPaul Mulley, Kartik Venkatraman, Richard Wood, Julie Carmody, Melanie Schwecke, Andrew Babon, Travis Yates, Steve Turton
Place of PublicationPenrith, Australia
PublisherERE 2007 Organising Committee
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780646484112
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventEnvironmental Research Event Conference - Cairns, Australia, Australia
Duration: 02 Dec 200705 Dec 2007


ConferenceEnvironmental Research Event Conference


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