The production of agriculture in Pakistan is confronted with many issues. Climate change, conventional agricultural management practices, and increasing water scarcity poses a major threat to agricultural production and biodiversity as well as environmental sustainability. CSA is recognized as the most efficient, sustainable and feasible agriculture system and plays a vital role in addressing the potential impacts of climate change in Pakistan. First-hand information was collected from 450 farm households in 24 villages from Okara, Sahiwal and Khanewal irrigation divisions of Lower Bari Doab Canal (LBDC) irrigation system having various wheat-based cropping systems. This study estimated the economic benefits of CSA with conventional agriculture. This study also estimated the impact of efficient irrigation management practices of CSA, technical training and use of groundwater of varying quality on agricultural productivity, with a view to improving productivity in Pakistan. The results showed that the adopters of CSA of various wheat-based cropping systems have significantly higher economic benefits from one acre of land as compared to non-adopters of CSA. Among three wheat-based cropping systems, this study found that adopters of CSA having a cotton-wheat cropping system are significantly more efficient i.e. higher economic benefits followed by maize-wheat and rice-wheat cropping systems. The results of the study also show that efficient water management practices of CSA, access to credit, technical training, use of groundwater of varying quality and other inputs lead to significant variations in agricultural productivity. The key implications are that farmers can mitigate the impact of climate change, earn more profit, save external inputs and increase production by adopting efficient water management practices of CSA. The findings suggested that the government could play an important role in formulating policies that can adequately address the issues related to the uptake of CSA and minimize farmer’s financial burden to adopt CSA.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Nov 2019|
|Event||2nd International Conference: Climate Smart Agriculture - MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan|
Duration: 26 Nov 2019 → 27 Nov 2019
|Conference||2nd International Conference: Climate Smart Agriculture|
|Period||26/11/19 → 27/11/19|