Gender, Age, and Place of Residence as Moderators of the Internalized Homophobia-Depressive Symptoms Relation Among Australian Gay Men and Lesbians

Suzanne McLaren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Internalized homophobia is a risk factor for depression among gay men and lesbians. The aim of the study was to test whether the internalized homophobia-depression relation was moderated by gender (stronger among gay men compared with lesbians), age (stronger among younger compared with older gay men and lesbians), and place of residence (stronger among gay men and lesbians who live in rural areas compared with those who live in urban areas). An Australian sample of 311 self-identified gay men and 570 self-identified lesbians, aged 18 to 70 years, completed the Internalized Homophobia Scale and the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Results indicated that age and gender did not moderate the internalized homophobia-depressive symptoms relation. Place of residence was a significant moderator for gay men but not lesbians. In contrast to the hypothesis, the internalized homophobia-depression relation was significant only among gay men who resided in urban areas. Those who work with gay men should be particularly aware of the significant relationship between internalized homophobia and depressive symptoms among gay men who reside in urban areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-480
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Volume62
Issue number4
Early online date13 Dec 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03 Apr 2015

Fingerprint

Homophobia
place of residence
moderator
Depression
gender
urban area
homophobia
Sexual Minorities
rural area

Cite this

@article{79e040460fdb497f82c0757bdcdf502d,
title = "Gender, Age, and Place of Residence as Moderators of the Internalized Homophobia-Depressive Symptoms Relation Among Australian Gay Men and Lesbians",
abstract = "Internalized homophobia is a risk factor for depression among gay men and lesbians. The aim of the study was to test whether the internalized homophobia-depression relation was moderated by gender (stronger among gay men compared with lesbians), age (stronger among younger compared with older gay men and lesbians), and place of residence (stronger among gay men and lesbians who live in rural areas compared with those who live in urban areas). An Australian sample of 311 self-identified gay men and 570 self-identified lesbians, aged 18 to 70 years, completed the Internalized Homophobia Scale and the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Results indicated that age and gender did not moderate the internalized homophobia-depressive symptoms relation. Place of residence was a significant moderator for gay men but not lesbians. In contrast to the hypothesis, the internalized homophobia-depression relation was significant only among gay men who resided in urban areas. Those who work with gay men should be particularly aware of the significant relationship between internalized homophobia and depressive symptoms among gay men who reside in urban areas.",
keywords = "depressive symptoms, gay men, internalized homophobia, lesbians",
author = "Suzanne McLaren",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/00918369.2014.983376",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "463--480",
journal = "Journal of Homosexuality",
issn = "0091-8369",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

Gender, Age, and Place of Residence as Moderators of the Internalized Homophobia-Depressive Symptoms Relation Among Australian Gay Men and Lesbians. / McLaren, Suzanne.

In: Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 62, No. 4, 03.04.2015, p. 463-480.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender, Age, and Place of Residence as Moderators of the Internalized Homophobia-Depressive Symptoms Relation Among Australian Gay Men and Lesbians

AU - McLaren, Suzanne

PY - 2015/4/3

Y1 - 2015/4/3

N2 - Internalized homophobia is a risk factor for depression among gay men and lesbians. The aim of the study was to test whether the internalized homophobia-depression relation was moderated by gender (stronger among gay men compared with lesbians), age (stronger among younger compared with older gay men and lesbians), and place of residence (stronger among gay men and lesbians who live in rural areas compared with those who live in urban areas). An Australian sample of 311 self-identified gay men and 570 self-identified lesbians, aged 18 to 70 years, completed the Internalized Homophobia Scale and the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Results indicated that age and gender did not moderate the internalized homophobia-depressive symptoms relation. Place of residence was a significant moderator for gay men but not lesbians. In contrast to the hypothesis, the internalized homophobia-depression relation was significant only among gay men who resided in urban areas. Those who work with gay men should be particularly aware of the significant relationship between internalized homophobia and depressive symptoms among gay men who reside in urban areas.

AB - Internalized homophobia is a risk factor for depression among gay men and lesbians. The aim of the study was to test whether the internalized homophobia-depression relation was moderated by gender (stronger among gay men compared with lesbians), age (stronger among younger compared with older gay men and lesbians), and place of residence (stronger among gay men and lesbians who live in rural areas compared with those who live in urban areas). An Australian sample of 311 self-identified gay men and 570 self-identified lesbians, aged 18 to 70 years, completed the Internalized Homophobia Scale and the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Results indicated that age and gender did not moderate the internalized homophobia-depressive symptoms relation. Place of residence was a significant moderator for gay men but not lesbians. In contrast to the hypothesis, the internalized homophobia-depression relation was significant only among gay men who resided in urban areas. Those who work with gay men should be particularly aware of the significant relationship between internalized homophobia and depressive symptoms among gay men who reside in urban areas.

KW - depressive symptoms

KW - gay men

KW - internalized homophobia

KW - lesbians

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922467881&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922467881&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00918369.2014.983376

DO - 10.1080/00918369.2014.983376

M3 - Article

C2 - 25365189

AN - SCOPUS:84922467881

VL - 62

SP - 463

EP - 480

JO - Journal of Homosexuality

JF - Journal of Homosexuality

SN - 0091-8369

IS - 4

ER -