Good governance from an ethical perspective in cyber defence policy has been seen in terms of duty and consequentialism. Yet the negotiated view of virtue ethics can also address how nation states mitigate the risks of a cyber attack to their national interests and to prepare for a cyber offence in response to an attack. A discourse analysis of the “0x Omar”-Israeli conflict of 2012, as reported in the Arabic and English media and on the Internet, is used to explore ethical issues that this case raises and to examine how the risks posed could be mitigated in relation to relevant elements of the South African cyber security policy framework. Questions raised include: At what point does the policy require a nation state to prepare for a cyber offence in response to a cyber attack? Ethically, how are such actions consistent with the principle of good governance?
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism (IJCWT)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015


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