Grapevine inflorescences (cv. Chardonnay) were found to be susceptible to infection by the berry rotting pathogens Colletotrichum acutatum and Greeneria uvicola responsible for ripe rot and bitter rot of grapes respectively. Infection of inflorescences on field-grown grapevines at mid-flowering led to subsequent berry rot at veraison. An application of the strobilurin fungicide Cabrio (active ingredient pyraclostrobin) at flowering reduced the incidence of ripe rot and bitter rot at veraison from 88% to 0% and from 86% to 2%, respectively. The infection of detached inflorescences was influenced by temperature and was greatest at 25'30°C for C. acutatum and 30°C for G.uvicola. Our results demonstrate for the first time that grapevine flowers are susceptible to C. acutatum and G. uvicola and that flower infections have the potentialto lead to subsequent rotting of the grape berries. The findings have implications for the management of ripe rot and bitter rot of grapes.