Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems

Guodong Han, Zhongwu Wang, Li Zhiguo, Mengli Zhao, David Kemp, David Michalk, Kris M. Havstad

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

Abstract

Grasslands are one of the most important land types supplying critical ecosystem services including feed for livestock grazing. They occupy ~54% of the world’s ice-free land surface. China contains the third largest area of grassland in the world, ~400 M ha, ~40% of China’s land surface. Chinese grasslands are severely degraded primarily due to overgrazing, which contributes to local poverty because of poor livestock production. To both recover the degraded grassland and to enhance the local herders’ income, a large farm-scale experiment was conducted in a desert steppe of Inner Mongolia, China from 2007 to 2012. We used a baseline survey, production models, and extension with government and private companies to test a redesigned grassland livestock management system. The new system employed summer grazing, winter greenhouse shed feeding, a reduction of overall stocking rate, lambing in summer (July), livestock infrastructure structure improvements, use of animal nutrient supplements, and incorporating crossbred Dorper and Mongolian sheep. This system showed positive advantages on animal production and household net income and transformed livestock production from a survival to a production enterprise. Of critical additional importance was that grassland rehabilitation occurred with the new management system, albeit slower than the more immediate positive changes to animal performance and herder net incomes. The integration of science, government and industry were key for this successful large-scale farm experiment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIGC 2013
Subtitle of host publicationRevitalising grasslands to sustain our communities
EditorsKM Broadfoot KM Broadfoot
Place of PublicationAustralia
PublisherCSIRO Publishing
Pages1637-1642
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781742565439
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event22nd International Grasslands Congress - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 15 Sep 201319 Sep 2013
http://www.internationalgrasslands.org/files/igc/publications/2013/proceedings-22nd-igc.pdf (Conference proceedings)

Conference

Conference22nd International Grasslands Congress
Abbreviated titleRevitalising Grasslands to Sustain our Communities
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period15/09/1319/09/13
Internet address

Fingerprint

management systems
livestock
grasslands
income
China
livestock production
grazing
Dorper
livestock feeds
large farms
overgrazing
summer
sheds
lambing
animal performance
poverty
animal production
steppes
infrastructure
stocking rate

Cite this

Han, G., Wang, Z., Zhiguo, L., Zhao, M., Kemp, D., Michalk, D., & Havstad, K. M. (2013). Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems. In KM. B. KM. Broadfoot (Ed.), IGC 2013: Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities (pp. 1637-1642). Australia: CSIRO Publishing.
Han, Guodong ; Wang, Zhongwu ; Zhiguo, Li ; Zhao, Mengli ; Kemp, David ; Michalk, David ; Havstad, Kris M. / Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems. IGC 2013: Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities. editor / KM Broadfoot KM Broadfoot. Australia : CSIRO Publishing, 2013. pp. 1637-1642
@inproceedings{114b482822ab4091a757869d0833a36f,
title = "Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems",
abstract = "Grasslands are one of the most important land types supplying critical ecosystem services including feed for livestock grazing. They occupy ~54{\%} of the world{\~A}¢{\^A}€{\^A}™s ice-free land surface. China contains the third largest area of grassland in the world, ~400 M ha, ~40{\%} of China{\~A}¢{\^A}€{\^A}™s land surface. Chinese grasslands are severely degraded primarily due to overgrazing, which contributes to local poverty because of poor livestock production. To both recover the degraded grassland and to enhance the local herders{\~A}¢{\^A}€{\^A}™ income, a large farm-scale experiment was conducted in a desert steppe of Inner Mongolia, China from 2007 to 2012. We used a baseline survey, production models, and extension with government and private companies to test a redesigned grassland livestock management system. The new system employed summer grazing, winter greenhouse shed feeding, a reduction of overall stocking rate, lambing in summer (July), livestock infrastructure structure improvements, use of animal nutrient supplements, and incorporating crossbred Dorper and Mongolian sheep. This system showed positive advantages on animal production and household net income and transformed livestock production from a survival to a production enterprise. Of critical additional importance was that grassland rehabilitation occurred with the new management system, albeit slower than the more immediate positive changes to animal performance and herder net incomes. The integration of science, government and industry were key for this successful large-scale farm experiment.",
keywords = "Grasslands, Household income, Livestock, rehabilitation",
author = "Guodong Han and Zhongwu Wang and Li Zhiguo and Mengli Zhao and David Kemp and David Michalk and Havstad, {Kris M.}",
note = "Imported on 03 May 2017 - DigiTool details were: publisher = Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 2013. editor/s (773b) = DL Michalk, GD Millar, WB Badgery and KM Broadfoot; Event dates (773o) = 15-19 September 2013; Parent title (773t) = International Grasslands Congress.",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
pages = "1637--1642",
editor = "Broadfoot, {KM Broadfoot KM}",
booktitle = "IGC 2013",
publisher = "CSIRO Publishing",
address = "Australia",

}

Han, G, Wang, Z, Zhiguo, L, Zhao, M, Kemp, D, Michalk, D & Havstad, KM 2013, Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems. in KMBKM Broadfoot (ed.), IGC 2013: Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities. CSIRO Publishing, Australia, pp. 1637-1642, 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Sydney, Australia, 15/09/13.

Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems. / Han, Guodong; Wang, Zhongwu; Zhiguo, Li; Zhao, Mengli; Kemp, David; Michalk, David; Havstad, Kris M.

IGC 2013: Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities. ed. / KM Broadfoot KM Broadfoot. Australia : CSIRO Publishing, 2013. p. 1637-1642.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

TY - GEN

T1 - Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems

AU - Han, Guodong

AU - Wang, Zhongwu

AU - Zhiguo, Li

AU - Zhao, Mengli

AU - Kemp, David

AU - Michalk, David

AU - Havstad, Kris M.

N1 - Imported on 03 May 2017 - DigiTool details were: publisher = Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 2013. editor/s (773b) = DL Michalk, GD Millar, WB Badgery and KM Broadfoot; Event dates (773o) = 15-19 September 2013; Parent title (773t) = International Grasslands Congress.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Grasslands are one of the most important land types supplying critical ecosystem services including feed for livestock grazing. They occupy ~54% of the world’s ice-free land surface. China contains the third largest area of grassland in the world, ~400 M ha, ~40% of China’s land surface. Chinese grasslands are severely degraded primarily due to overgrazing, which contributes to local poverty because of poor livestock production. To both recover the degraded grassland and to enhance the local herders’ income, a large farm-scale experiment was conducted in a desert steppe of Inner Mongolia, China from 2007 to 2012. We used a baseline survey, production models, and extension with government and private companies to test a redesigned grassland livestock management system. The new system employed summer grazing, winter greenhouse shed feeding, a reduction of overall stocking rate, lambing in summer (July), livestock infrastructure structure improvements, use of animal nutrient supplements, and incorporating crossbred Dorper and Mongolian sheep. This system showed positive advantages on animal production and household net income and transformed livestock production from a survival to a production enterprise. Of critical additional importance was that grassland rehabilitation occurred with the new management system, albeit slower than the more immediate positive changes to animal performance and herder net incomes. The integration of science, government and industry were key for this successful large-scale farm experiment.

AB - Grasslands are one of the most important land types supplying critical ecosystem services including feed for livestock grazing. They occupy ~54% of the world’s ice-free land surface. China contains the third largest area of grassland in the world, ~400 M ha, ~40% of China’s land surface. Chinese grasslands are severely degraded primarily due to overgrazing, which contributes to local poverty because of poor livestock production. To both recover the degraded grassland and to enhance the local herders’ income, a large farm-scale experiment was conducted in a desert steppe of Inner Mongolia, China from 2007 to 2012. We used a baseline survey, production models, and extension with government and private companies to test a redesigned grassland livestock management system. The new system employed summer grazing, winter greenhouse shed feeding, a reduction of overall stocking rate, lambing in summer (July), livestock infrastructure structure improvements, use of animal nutrient supplements, and incorporating crossbred Dorper and Mongolian sheep. This system showed positive advantages on animal production and household net income and transformed livestock production from a survival to a production enterprise. Of critical additional importance was that grassland rehabilitation occurred with the new management system, albeit slower than the more immediate positive changes to animal performance and herder net incomes. The integration of science, government and industry were key for this successful large-scale farm experiment.

KW - Grasslands

KW - Household income

KW - Livestock, rehabilitation

M3 - Conference paper

SP - 1637

EP - 1642

BT - IGC 2013

A2 - Broadfoot, KM Broadfoot KM

PB - CSIRO Publishing

CY - Australia

ER -

Han G, Wang Z, Zhiguo L, Zhao M, Kemp D, Michalk D et al. Grassland rehabilitation through re-designing livestock management systems. In Broadfoot KMBKM, editor, IGC 2013: Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities. Australia: CSIRO Publishing. 2013. p. 1637-1642