Handgrip strength as correlate and predictor of lung function in apparently healthy young adults

Nnamdi Mgbemena, Happiness Aweto, Bosede Tella, Ezinne Nwosu

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Aim: This study determined the prediction of lung function using handgrip
strength in apparently healthy young adults.
Method: Four hundred participants (200 males and 200 females) were involved
in the study. They were apparently healthy students of the College of
Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria, and aged 16–30 years. Ethical approval
was obtained from the Health Research and Ethics Committee of the Lagos
University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) Idi-Araba, Lagos. The participants’ handgrip strength was assessed using the Jamar dynamometer. Selected lung function variables (forced expiratory volume 1 [FEV1], forced vital capacity [FVC] and peak expiratory flow rate [PEFR]) were assessed using a portable spirometer.
Results: The mean of the dominant handgrip strength in males (38.90 ± 8.30 kgf) was higher than of the female participants (25.80 ± 5.70 kgf). Likewise, the lung function of the male participants (FEV1 = 3.36 ± 0.57 l; FVC = 3.73 ± 0.82 l and PEFR = 7.71 ± 1.77 l/s) was higher than the lung function of the females (FEV1 = 2.38 ± 0.36 l; FVC = 2.60 ± 0.42 l and PEFR = 5.60 ± 1.37 l/s). There was significant but weak correlation between the dominant handgrip strength and lung function variables assessed in male participants (FEV1, r = 0.284; FVC, r = 0.302; and PEFR, r = 0.180) and female participants (FEV1, r = 0.232; FVC, r = 0.184; and PEFR, r = 0.283). The same applied to non-dominant handgrip and lung function. Regression equations were also proposed for predicting lung function using handgrip strength, height, weight and age of the participants according to gender. The regression analysis showed that handgrip strength was a significant predictor for all lung function parameters in all participants except for the PEFR in the male participants.
Conclusion: Handgrip strength was a predictor for FEV1 and FVC in healthy
young adults.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 02 Nov 2017
Event2017 Primary Care Respiratory Society UK (PCRS-UK) Annual Conference - Telford International Centre, Telford, United Kingdom
Duration: 29 Sept 201730 Sept 2017


Conference2017 Primary Care Respiratory Society UK (PCRS-UK) Annual Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


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