Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewAbstract

Abstract

Purpose: Paramedics are among the most frequently injured health professionals in Australia, performing duties that require awkward and heavy manual handling tasks interspersed with periods of sedentary behaviour throughout a shift. However, few data are available on health and fitness profiles or how to monitor and facilitate paramedic fitness levels to reduce occupational injury risk. Methods: A group of regional Australian paramedics (n=140; 78 male; mean±SD 37.6±10.2 years; BMI 28.5±5.5 kg/m2) underwent health and fitness assessment. Measures included resting blood pressure (BP; Omron HEM-7322, Japan), body composition (body fat % by bioelectrical impedance; Inner Scan V, Tanita, Japan), upper, lower and core-body muscular strength (maximum push-ups (modified for females), single-leg (SL) wall squat (total of left and right; sec) and prone plank hold; sec) and flexibility (sit and reach; cm). Outcomes were compared between sex using multivariate ANOVA and against ACSM norms. Results: Males had higher mean BP vs. females (p<0.01): 136 (95% CI 133-139)/86 (84-89) mmHg vs. 122 (118-126)/80 (77-83) mmHg (both pre-hypertensive); less body fat (p<0.001): 23.6 (95% CI 21.6-25.5) % (poor) vs. 35.0 (32.6-37.3) % (very poor); greater upper body strength (p<0.05; push-ups): 23 (20-25) (very good) vs. 18 (14-21) (good); similar lower body strength (SL wall squat): 35.2 (29.5-40.9) sec vs. 29.0 (22.2-35.7) sec (both below average); similar core strength (plank hold): 88.0 (77.6-98.4) sec (average) vs. 74.0 (61.6-86.5) sec (below average); and less flexibility (p<0.01; sit and reach): 20.4 (17.9-22.9) cm (poor) vs. 27.4 (24.4-30.4) cm (fair). Conclusion: Insufficient core and lower body strength and flexibility coupled with demanding manual handling tasks may increase the risk of work-related musculoskeletal injuries in paramedics. High body fat and pre-hypertensive BP levels suggest increased cardiometabolic disease risk in this population.

Conference

ConferenceHealth, Wellness & Society Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period20/09/1821/09/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Allied Health Personnel
Health Status
Adipose Tissue
Health
Leg
Japan
Occupational Injuries
Body Composition
Electric Impedance
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure
Wounds and Injuries
Population

Cite this

Hunter, J., MacQuarrie, A., Sheridan, S., High, R., Waite, C., Smith, K., ... Wheat, J. (2018). Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern.. Abstract from Health, Wellness & Society Conference, London, United Kingdom.
Hunter, Jayden ; MacQuarrie, Alexander ; Sheridan, Samantha ; High, Richard ; Waite, Carolyn ; Smith, Kirsty ; Thomas, Janelle ; Wheat, Janelle. / Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern.Abstract from Health, Wellness & Society Conference, London, United Kingdom.
@conference{a4370c8da1984c3ebf8d50460da15072,
title = "Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern.",
abstract = "Purpose: Paramedics are among the most frequently injured health professionals in Australia, performing duties that require awkward and heavy manual handling tasks interspersed with periods of sedentary behaviour throughout a shift. However, few data are available on health and fitness profiles or how to monitor and facilitate paramedic fitness levels to reduce occupational injury risk. Methods: A group of regional Australian paramedics (n=140; 78 male; mean±SD 37.6±10.2 years; BMI 28.5±5.5 kg/m2) underwent health and fitness assessment. Measures included resting blood pressure (BP; Omron HEM-7322, Japan), body composition (body fat % by bioelectrical impedance; Inner Scan V, Tanita, Japan), upper, lower and core-body muscular strength (maximum push-ups (modified for females), single-leg (SL) wall squat (total of left and right; sec) and prone plank hold; sec) and flexibility (sit and reach; cm). Outcomes were compared between sex using multivariate ANOVA and against ACSM norms. Results: Males had higher mean BP vs. females (p<0.01): 136 (95% CI 133-139)/86 (84-89) mmHg vs. 122 (118-126)/80 (77-83) mmHg (both pre-hypertensive); less body fat (p<0.001): 23.6 (95% CI 21.6-25.5) % (poor) vs. 35.0 (32.6-37.3) % (very poor); greater upper body strength (p<0.05; push-ups): 23 (20-25) (very good) vs. 18 (14-21) (good); similar lower body strength (SL wall squat): 35.2 (29.5-40.9) sec vs. 29.0 (22.2-35.7) sec (both below average); similar core strength (plank hold): 88.0 (77.6-98.4) sec (average) vs. 74.0 (61.6-86.5) sec (below average); and less flexibility (p<0.01; sit and reach): 20.4 (17.9-22.9) cm (poor) vs. 27.4 (24.4-30.4) cm (fair). Conclusion: Insufficient core and lower body strength and flexibility coupled with demanding manual handling tasks may increase the risk of work-related musculoskeletal injuries in paramedics. High body fat and pre-hypertensive BP levels suggest increased cardiometabolic disease risk in this population.",
author = "Jayden Hunter and Alexander MacQuarrie and Samantha Sheridan and Richard High and Carolyn Waite and Kirsty Smith and Janelle Thomas and Janelle Wheat",
year = "2018",
month = "9",

}

Hunter, J, MacQuarrie, A, Sheridan, S, High, R, Waite, C, Smith, K, Thomas, J & Wheat, J 2018, 'Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern.' Health, Wellness & Society Conference, London, United Kingdom, 20/09/18 - 21/09/18, .

Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern. / Hunter, Jayden; MacQuarrie, Alexander; Sheridan, Samantha; High, Richard; Waite, Carolyn; Smith, Kirsty; Thomas, Janelle; Wheat, Janelle.

2018. Abstract from Health, Wellness & Society Conference, London, United Kingdom.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewAbstract

TY - CONF

T1 - Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern.

AU - Hunter,Jayden

AU - MacQuarrie,Alexander

AU - Sheridan,Samantha

AU - High,Richard

AU - Waite,Carolyn

AU - Smith,Kirsty

AU - Thomas,Janelle

AU - Wheat,Janelle

PY - 2018/9/20

Y1 - 2018/9/20

N2 - Purpose: Paramedics are among the most frequently injured health professionals in Australia, performing duties that require awkward and heavy manual handling tasks interspersed with periods of sedentary behaviour throughout a shift. However, few data are available on health and fitness profiles or how to monitor and facilitate paramedic fitness levels to reduce occupational injury risk. Methods: A group of regional Australian paramedics (n=140; 78 male; mean±SD 37.6±10.2 years; BMI 28.5±5.5 kg/m2) underwent health and fitness assessment. Measures included resting blood pressure (BP; Omron HEM-7322, Japan), body composition (body fat % by bioelectrical impedance; Inner Scan V, Tanita, Japan), upper, lower and core-body muscular strength (maximum push-ups (modified for females), single-leg (SL) wall squat (total of left and right; sec) and prone plank hold; sec) and flexibility (sit and reach; cm). Outcomes were compared between sex using multivariate ANOVA and against ACSM norms. Results: Males had higher mean BP vs. females (p<0.01): 136 (95% CI 133-139)/86 (84-89) mmHg vs. 122 (118-126)/80 (77-83) mmHg (both pre-hypertensive); less body fat (p<0.001): 23.6 (95% CI 21.6-25.5) % (poor) vs. 35.0 (32.6-37.3) % (very poor); greater upper body strength (p<0.05; push-ups): 23 (20-25) (very good) vs. 18 (14-21) (good); similar lower body strength (SL wall squat): 35.2 (29.5-40.9) sec vs. 29.0 (22.2-35.7) sec (both below average); similar core strength (plank hold): 88.0 (77.6-98.4) sec (average) vs. 74.0 (61.6-86.5) sec (below average); and less flexibility (p<0.01; sit and reach): 20.4 (17.9-22.9) cm (poor) vs. 27.4 (24.4-30.4) cm (fair). Conclusion: Insufficient core and lower body strength and flexibility coupled with demanding manual handling tasks may increase the risk of work-related musculoskeletal injuries in paramedics. High body fat and pre-hypertensive BP levels suggest increased cardiometabolic disease risk in this population.

AB - Purpose: Paramedics are among the most frequently injured health professionals in Australia, performing duties that require awkward and heavy manual handling tasks interspersed with periods of sedentary behaviour throughout a shift. However, few data are available on health and fitness profiles or how to monitor and facilitate paramedic fitness levels to reduce occupational injury risk. Methods: A group of regional Australian paramedics (n=140; 78 male; mean±SD 37.6±10.2 years; BMI 28.5±5.5 kg/m2) underwent health and fitness assessment. Measures included resting blood pressure (BP; Omron HEM-7322, Japan), body composition (body fat % by bioelectrical impedance; Inner Scan V, Tanita, Japan), upper, lower and core-body muscular strength (maximum push-ups (modified for females), single-leg (SL) wall squat (total of left and right; sec) and prone plank hold; sec) and flexibility (sit and reach; cm). Outcomes were compared between sex using multivariate ANOVA and against ACSM norms. Results: Males had higher mean BP vs. females (p<0.01): 136 (95% CI 133-139)/86 (84-89) mmHg vs. 122 (118-126)/80 (77-83) mmHg (both pre-hypertensive); less body fat (p<0.001): 23.6 (95% CI 21.6-25.5) % (poor) vs. 35.0 (32.6-37.3) % (very poor); greater upper body strength (p<0.05; push-ups): 23 (20-25) (very good) vs. 18 (14-21) (good); similar lower body strength (SL wall squat): 35.2 (29.5-40.9) sec vs. 29.0 (22.2-35.7) sec (both below average); similar core strength (plank hold): 88.0 (77.6-98.4) sec (average) vs. 74.0 (61.6-86.5) sec (below average); and less flexibility (p<0.01; sit and reach): 20.4 (17.9-22.9) cm (poor) vs. 27.4 (24.4-30.4) cm (fair). Conclusion: Insufficient core and lower body strength and flexibility coupled with demanding manual handling tasks may increase the risk of work-related musculoskeletal injuries in paramedics. High body fat and pre-hypertensive BP levels suggest increased cardiometabolic disease risk in this population.

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Hunter J, MacQuarrie A, Sheridan S, High R, Waite C, Smith K et al. Health and Fitness Status of Australian Paramedics: A Cause for Concern.. 2018. Abstract from Health, Wellness & Society Conference, London, United Kingdom.