Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

Barbara Padalino, Evelyn Hall, Sharanne Raidal, Pietro Celi, Peter Knight, Leo Jeffcott, Gary Muscatello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study analysed reports of transport related health problems identified by drivers and horse owners for 180 journeys of an Australian horse transport company transporting horses between Perth and Sydney (~4000 km) in 2013'2015. Records showed that 97.2% (1604/1650) of the horses arrived at their destination with no clinical signs of disease or injury. Based on the veterinary reports of the affected horses; the most common issues were respiratory problems (27%); gastrointestinal problems (27%); pyrexia (19%); traumatic injuries (15%); and death (12%). Journey duration and season had a significant effect on the distribution of transport related issues (p < 0.05); with a marked increase of the proportion of the most severe problems (i.e., gastrointestinal; respiratory problems and death) in spring and after 20 h in transit. Although not statistically significant; elevated disease rate predictions were seen for stallions/colts; horses aged over 10 years; and Thoroughbreds. Overall; the data demonstrate that long haul transportation is a risk for horse health and welfare and requires appropriate management to minimize transport stress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1310
Number of pages15
JournalAnimals
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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Horses
risk factors
horses
Health
death
colts
Abattoirs
Wounds and Injuries
stallions
slaughterhouses
fever
slaughter
Fever
statistics
Economics
economics
duration
prediction

Cite this

Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., & Muscatello, G. (2015). Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia. Animals, 5(4), 1296-1310. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani5040412
Padalino, Barbara ; Hall, Evelyn ; Raidal, Sharanne ; Celi, Pietro ; Knight, Peter ; Jeffcott, Leo ; Muscatello, Gary. / Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia. In: Animals. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 1296-1310.
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Padalino, B, Hall, E, Raidal, S, Celi, P, Knight, P, Jeffcott, L & Muscatello, G 2015, 'Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia', Animals, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1296-1310. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani5040412

Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia. / Padalino, Barbara; Hall, Evelyn; Raidal, Sharanne; Celi, Pietro; Knight, Peter; Jeffcott, Leo; Muscatello, Gary.

In: Animals, Vol. 5, No. 4, 12.2015, p. 1296-1310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

AU - Padalino, Barbara

AU - Hall, Evelyn

AU - Raidal, Sharanne

AU - Celi, Pietro

AU - Knight, Peter

AU - Jeffcott, Leo

AU - Muscatello, Gary

N1 - Includes bibliographical references.

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study analysed reports of transport related health problems identified by drivers and horse owners for 180 journeys of an Australian horse transport company transporting horses between Perth and Sydney (~4000 km) in 2013'2015. Records showed that 97.2% (1604/1650) of the horses arrived at their destination with no clinical signs of disease or injury. Based on the veterinary reports of the affected horses; the most common issues were respiratory problems (27%); gastrointestinal problems (27%); pyrexia (19%); traumatic injuries (15%); and death (12%). Journey duration and season had a significant effect on the distribution of transport related issues (p < 0.05); with a marked increase of the proportion of the most severe problems (i.e., gastrointestinal; respiratory problems and death) in spring and after 20 h in transit. Although not statistically significant; elevated disease rate predictions were seen for stallions/colts; horses aged over 10 years; and Thoroughbreds. Overall; the data demonstrate that long haul transportation is a risk for horse health and welfare and requires appropriate management to minimize transport stress.

AB - Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study analysed reports of transport related health problems identified by drivers and horse owners for 180 journeys of an Australian horse transport company transporting horses between Perth and Sydney (~4000 km) in 2013'2015. Records showed that 97.2% (1604/1650) of the horses arrived at their destination with no clinical signs of disease or injury. Based on the veterinary reports of the affected horses; the most common issues were respiratory problems (27%); gastrointestinal problems (27%); pyrexia (19%); traumatic injuries (15%); and death (12%). Journey duration and season had a significant effect on the distribution of transport related issues (p < 0.05); with a marked increase of the proportion of the most severe problems (i.e., gastrointestinal; respiratory problems and death) in spring and after 20 h in transit. Although not statistically significant; elevated disease rate predictions were seen for stallions/colts; horses aged over 10 years; and Thoroughbreds. Overall; the data demonstrate that long haul transportation is a risk for horse health and welfare and requires appropriate management to minimize transport stress.

KW - Horse

KW - Journey duration

KW - Risk

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