High efficacy gold-KDEL peptide-siRNA nanoconstruct-mediated transfection in C2C12 myoblasts and myotubes

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Abstract

Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) were conjugated with cysteine terminated KDEL (Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu) peptide and siRNA directed against NADPH Oxidase 4 (Nox4). Fluorescence microscopy analysis provided evidence of cytocellular retrograde transport pathways and subcellular colocalization of AuNP nanoconstructs in both undifferentiated C2C12 myoblasts and differentiated C2C12 myotubes. The cellular trafficking of AuNP nanoconstructs in undifferentiated myoblasts suggests stable and efficient transfection of siRNA as demonstrated by colocalization of AuNP-delivered KDEL and siRNA. The cellular uptake of AuNP nanoconstructs was more efficient than Lipofectamine mediated transfection in differentiated myotubes (P <0.05) compared to undifferentiated myoblasts, suggesting that AuNP nanoconstructs provide an efficient platform for siRNA delivery to differentiated myotubes. The localization of these nanoconstructs in undifferentiated myoblasts suggests that most of the siRNA was localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with a minimal distribution in the Golgi bodies suggesting that the ER is a primary localization site for AuNP-KDEL mediated delivery of nanoconstructs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-337
Number of pages9
JournalNanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Volume10
Issue number2
Early online dateAug 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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