High-level motor skills assessment for ambulant children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review and decision tree

Georgina L Clutterbuck, Megan L Auld, Leanne M Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


To examine the psychometric evidence for high-level motor skills assessment tools for ambulant, school-aged children with cerebral palsy (CP).
METHOD: We searched five databases for population (children with CP aged 5-18y in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I and II), assessment focus (high-level motor skills), and psychometric evidence. We evaluated evidence strength using the number of studies, quality, and conduct according to Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement Instruments checklists.
RESULTS: Eleven assessments (39 studies) met the criteria. Seven high-level motor skills assessment items (Muscle Power Sprint Test, 10m Shuttle Run Test, 10×5m Sprint Test, vertical jump, standing broad jump, seated throw, and Timed Up and Down Stairs) had strong validity and responsiveness evidence. Jumping items and seated throw lacked reliability data. Four high-level motor skills assessment batteries (Functional Strength Measure in CP, Gross Motor Function Measure-Challenge, Peabody Developmental Motor Scale, and Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition) had moderate-to-strong validity and/or reliability evidence. Responsiveness data were only available for the Gross Motor Function Measure-Challenge battery. The decision tree was developed with five levels: clinical feasibility, relevance, tool design, clinical utility, and psychometric properties. INTERPRETATION: High-level motor skills assessment tools have strong psychometric evidence for ambulant, school-aged children with CP. The decision tree can assist clinicians and researchers in identifying appropriate tools to measure high-level motor skills.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-699
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Issue number6
Early online date01 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

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