Highlights on the World Bank Loan Schistosomiasis Control Program in China (1991-1998): A special focus on Hunan Province

Dongbao Yu, A. G.P. Ross, Musheng Xie, Yuesheng Li, Yan Chen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    A region-wide sampling survey was conducted in 1995 in order to evaluate the current epidemiological status of schistosomiasis japonica in Hunan Province, China. A total of 45,590 humans and 3,726 domestic animals, from 52 villages, were examined parasitologically and/or serologically for current Schistosoma japonicum infections. In uncontrolled endemic areas (43 villages) the overall human prevalence of S. japonicum was 7.81% across the different geographical subtypes. The geometric mean intensity of infection was 17.71 eggs per gram (epg) among infected individuals and only 1.25 epg in the general population. The bovine prevalence, as determined by the hatching test, was 9.63% in the uncontrolled endemic villages. Only one sero-positive (by indirect hemagglutination assay) child was found among 1,072 children tested aged 10-14 years in the 9 endemic villages under effective control. No infection was confirmed by the Kato-Katz thick smear stool examination. When the results of this survey were compared to those seen at baseline (1989) an overall reduction of 45.65% was seen in the human prevalence but no significant change was apparent in the lake-beach ecotype. Additionally, there was more than a 60% reduction in the prevalence among bovines over the same sampling period. The results demonstrate that the World Bank Loan Schistosomiasis Program was successful in achieving its most basic objectives for this province - to reduce human and bovine infections by 40%.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)657-663
    Number of pages7
    JournalSoutheast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999


    Dive into the research topics of 'Highlights on the World Bank Loan Schistosomiasis Control Program in China (1991-1998): A special focus on Hunan Province'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this