Horse and rider safety on the United Kingdom (UK) road system

pilot evaluation of an alternative conspicuity measure

R M Scofield, H Savin, Hayley Randle

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

Abstract

Previous studies have reported that the use of popular conspicuity equipment worn by riders does not necessarily lead to a safer environment. Recent research using questionnaire-based studies showed fluorescent (FR) equipment does not significantly reduce traffic-related near misses experienced by horse-rider combinations. However, wearing lights leads to significantly fewer near misses as does riding broken-coloured horses (piebald/skewbald).Transport laboratory based research reported drivers exhibit significantly faster reaction times in visual identification tests with FR colours than with dark colours, though when replicated in the live cycling/traffic environment it failed to reach significance. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of two different conspicuity tabards (FR and PieBold - a black/white tabard mimicking the coat of a broken-coloured horse, PB) by comparing to a dark-coloured tabard (N). A visual identification test was designed incorporating three images of a horse-rider combination, each wearing three different tabards, N, FR and PB. An opportunistic sample of drivers was selected, 16 of whom had horse-riding experience. Drivers (n ¼ 23) were shown the images in sequence and asked to start and then stop the timer to indicate immediately when they saw the image. Wilcoxon tests indicated that there was no significant difference between reaction times with FR and PB(T23 ¼ 187.0, P > 0.05), however there was a significant difference between PB and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P < 0.001) and FR and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P <0.001). These results indicate drivers have a quicker reaction time when presented with a horse-rider combination wearing PB and FR than when compared with N.
Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Pages (from-to)90-90
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event12th International Equitation Science Conference (ISES 2016) - French National Riding School, Saumur, France
Duration: 23 Jun 201625 Jun 2016
http://equitationscience.com/previous-conferences/2016-12th-international-conference
file:///D:/Users/mmonta07/Downloads/Proceedings%20ISES%202016.pdf (Conference proceedings)

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Horses
United Kingdom
roads
Safety
horses
traffic
bicycling
horse riding
timers
Color
color
testing
Equipment and Supplies
Research
questionnaires
Light
sampling

Cite this

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title = "Horse and rider safety on the United Kingdom (UK) road system: pilot evaluation of an alternative conspicuity measure",
abstract = "Previous studies have reported that the use of popular conspicuity equipment worn by riders does not necessarily lead to a safer environment. Recent research using questionnaire-based studies showed fluorescent (FR) equipment does not significantly reduce traffic-related near misses experienced by horse-rider combinations. However, wearing lights leads to significantly fewer near misses as does riding broken-coloured horses (piebald/skewbald).Transport laboratory based research reported drivers exhibit significantly faster reaction times in visual identification tests with FR colours than with dark colours, though when replicated in the live cycling/traffic environment it failed to reach significance. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of two different conspicuity tabards (FR and PieBold - a black/white tabard mimicking the coat of a broken-coloured horse, PB) by comparing to a dark-coloured tabard (N). A visual identification test was designed incorporating three images of a horse-rider combination, each wearing three different tabards, N, FR and PB. An opportunistic sample of drivers was selected, 16 of whom had horse-riding experience. Drivers (n ¼ 23) were shown the images in sequence and asked to start and then stop the timer to indicate immediately when they saw the image. Wilcoxon tests indicated that there was no significant difference between reaction times with FR and PB(T23 ¼ 187.0, P > 0.05), however there was a significant difference between PB and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P < 0.001) and FR and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P <0.001). These results indicate drivers have a quicker reaction time when presented with a horse-rider combination wearing PB and FR than when compared with N.",
keywords = "road, safety, equine, rider, conspicuity",
author = "Scofield, {R M} and H Savin and Hayley Randle",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
pages = "90--90",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research",
issn = "1558-7878",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Horse and rider safety on the United Kingdom (UK) road system

T2 - pilot evaluation of an alternative conspicuity measure

AU - Scofield, R M

AU - Savin, H

AU - Randle, Hayley

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Previous studies have reported that the use of popular conspicuity equipment worn by riders does not necessarily lead to a safer environment. Recent research using questionnaire-based studies showed fluorescent (FR) equipment does not significantly reduce traffic-related near misses experienced by horse-rider combinations. However, wearing lights leads to significantly fewer near misses as does riding broken-coloured horses (piebald/skewbald).Transport laboratory based research reported drivers exhibit significantly faster reaction times in visual identification tests with FR colours than with dark colours, though when replicated in the live cycling/traffic environment it failed to reach significance. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of two different conspicuity tabards (FR and PieBold - a black/white tabard mimicking the coat of a broken-coloured horse, PB) by comparing to a dark-coloured tabard (N). A visual identification test was designed incorporating three images of a horse-rider combination, each wearing three different tabards, N, FR and PB. An opportunistic sample of drivers was selected, 16 of whom had horse-riding experience. Drivers (n ¼ 23) were shown the images in sequence and asked to start and then stop the timer to indicate immediately when they saw the image. Wilcoxon tests indicated that there was no significant difference between reaction times with FR and PB(T23 ¼ 187.0, P > 0.05), however there was a significant difference between PB and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P < 0.001) and FR and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P <0.001). These results indicate drivers have a quicker reaction time when presented with a horse-rider combination wearing PB and FR than when compared with N.

AB - Previous studies have reported that the use of popular conspicuity equipment worn by riders does not necessarily lead to a safer environment. Recent research using questionnaire-based studies showed fluorescent (FR) equipment does not significantly reduce traffic-related near misses experienced by horse-rider combinations. However, wearing lights leads to significantly fewer near misses as does riding broken-coloured horses (piebald/skewbald).Transport laboratory based research reported drivers exhibit significantly faster reaction times in visual identification tests with FR colours than with dark colours, though when replicated in the live cycling/traffic environment it failed to reach significance. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of two different conspicuity tabards (FR and PieBold - a black/white tabard mimicking the coat of a broken-coloured horse, PB) by comparing to a dark-coloured tabard (N). A visual identification test was designed incorporating three images of a horse-rider combination, each wearing three different tabards, N, FR and PB. An opportunistic sample of drivers was selected, 16 of whom had horse-riding experience. Drivers (n ¼ 23) were shown the images in sequence and asked to start and then stop the timer to indicate immediately when they saw the image. Wilcoxon tests indicated that there was no significant difference between reaction times with FR and PB(T23 ¼ 187.0, P > 0.05), however there was a significant difference between PB and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P < 0.001) and FR and N (T23 ¼ 0.0, P <0.001). These results indicate drivers have a quicker reaction time when presented with a horse-rider combination wearing PB and FR than when compared with N.

KW - road

KW - safety

KW - equine

KW - rider

KW - conspicuity

M3 - Meeting Abstract

SP - 90

EP - 90

JO - Journal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research

JF - Journal of Veterinary Behavior: clinical applications and research

SN - 1558-7878

M1 - 43

ER -