Ifenprodil is a selective blocker of NMDA receptors that are heterodimers composed of GluN1/GluN2B subunits. This pharmacological profile has been extensively used to test the role of GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors in learning and memory formation. However, ifenprodil has also been reported to have actions at a number of other receptors, including high voltage-activated calcium channels. Here we show that, in the basolateral amygdala, ifenprodil dose dependently blocks excitatory transmission to principal neurons by a presynaptic mechanism. This action of ifenprodil has an IC50 of ~10 'M and is fully occluded by the P/Q type calcium channel blocker '-agatoxin. We conclude that ifenprodil reduces synaptic transmission in the basolateral amygdala by partially blocking P-type voltage-dependent calcium channels.