Immunologic detection and measurement of hypochlorite-modified LDL with specific monoclonal antibodies

Ernst Malle, Linda Hazell, Roland Stocker, Wolfgang Sattler, Hermann Esterbauer, Georg Waeg

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121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidation of LDL is thought to contribute to the early stages of atherogenesis. Because myeloperoxidase is present in atherosclerotic lesions and can produce the strong oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which converts LDL into its high-uptake atherogenic form in vitro, we raised polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) against HOCl-modified LDL (HOCl-LDL). Characterization of the polyclonal antihuman HOCl-LDL Abs showed that they cross-reacted strongly with 4-hydroxynomenal-malondialdehyde-, and Cu2+oxidized LDL. Similarly, polyclonal and some monoclonal Abs against aldehyde- anti Cu2+-modified LDL cross-reacted with HOCl-LDL. In contrast to the polyclonal Abs, two selected hybridoma cell line supernatants containing MoAbs raised against HOCl-LDL (MoAb-A and MoAb-B) did not cross- react with either native LDL or aldehyde or Cu2+-modified LDL. MoAb-A (clone IB10A11, subtype IgG1κ) recognized an epitope that appeared to be specific for HOCl-LDL and depended on the tertiary structure of the (lipo)protein, as judged by a lack of cross-reactivity with HOCl-modified human and bovine serum albumin and a loss of reactivity associated with lipoprotein denaturation. MoAb-B (clone 2D10G9, subtype lgG2bκ), on the other hand, gave identical titration curves with HOCl-LDL and HOCl-modified albumins, suggesting that this antibody recognized epitopes that are commonly generated on proteins that have been oxidized with HOCl. Thus, MoAb-A and MoAb-B may be useful tools for the investigation of a possible role for HOCl- mediated damage to (lipo)proteins in atherosclerosis and other inflammatory diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)982-989
Number of pages8
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1995

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