Improving Intelligence and Early Warning on Biosecurity Threats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article discusses how national security and law enforcement agencies can improve theirearly warning capabilities on biosecurity threats, particularly those that may emanate fromdual use bio-technologies. The complex and diverse nature of biosecurity threats presentsimilar challenges to those emerging from cyber'with law enforcement and nationalsecurity intelligence capabilities playing catch-up to understand, disrupt, and preventsuch emerging threats. Additionally, like cyber, biosecurity threats represent a wickedset of problems for intelligence where science, technology, and human factors intersectin ways still poorly understood and unknown. This raises a question for both heads ofagencies and the analysts that work for them. How to best manage the dynamic andcomplex nature of evolving biosecurity threats? Also, how can intelligence analysts provideearly warning so that decision-makers can prevent or mitigate risks associated with them?The paper explores these issues in four sections: defining what is biosecurity, assessingthe current threat environment, assessing the future threat environment, and finally howlaw enforcement and national security agencies can improve their strategic early warning practice to better disrupt, dismantle, and counter emerging biosecurity threats.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-102
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Intelligence and Analysis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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