Improving the productivity of dairy cattle and buffalo on small-holder dairy farms in Pakistan

David McGill, Hassan Warriach, R.D. Bush, Peter Wynn

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Abstract

Farms based on buffalo did not record milk production responses to the extension protocols. By contrast dramatic increases of 1.9 litres per day were recorded in crossbred cattle based on Holstein Friesian and local tropically adapted breeds. Close to pure-bred Holstein-Friesian cattle responded with an increase of 6.8 litres per day, while with Sahiwal cattle the response was a modest 1.7 litres per day. Non-descript local cattle provided only a modest increment of 0.6 litres. These results demonstrate that routine farm production systems are not meeting the needs of cattle breeds, whereas buffalo appear to be much better adapted to these environments. This would suggest that strategies used for boosting milk output from cattle will vary from those adopted in buffalo production systems. It is likely that the nutritional requirements for peak milk production will vary between genotypes: the physiological basis for this differential response requires closer investigation.Pakistan is one of the largest milk producing countries in the world with the majority of the 8.5 million dairy farms consisting of less than ten milking cows or buffalo producing less than 5 litres of milk per day. With a national herd exceeding 50 million animals in a relatively small agricultural area it is important that the productivity per animal be increased with the aim of reducing the size of the national herd while increasing national milk production. We have studied the responsiveness of small-holder dairy farmers to dairy extension programs to improve the productivity in two regions of Punjab state. The farmers were either serviced by basic industry support services for the management of cow health and reproduction and provision of the feed base (Okara, n=123) or where services were limited in the desert region of western Punjab (Bhakkar, n=107). We conducted a longitudinal survey of daily farm productivity over 2 years until December 2009. The key extension messages related to untying animals to give the full access to water and feed and to the provision of greater quantities of high quality forages and concentrates where they were available. The other concepts introduced included appropriate vaccination against foot and mouth disease, drenching, calf rearing and reproductive efficiency. The extension team were instructed on how to work effectively with farmers with the ultimate goal of increasing farm income.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd International Conference
Subtitle of host publicationstrategies and challenges for sustainable animal agriculture-crop systems
Place of PublicationNakhon Ratchasima
PublisherSuranaree University of Technology
Pages115-116
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventInternational Conference for Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC) - Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, Thailand
Duration: 26 Jul 201129 Jul 2011

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference for Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC)
CountryThailand
Period26/07/1129/07/11

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dairy farming
Pakistan
dairy cattle
buffaloes
cattle
milk production
farmers
milk
farms
dairies
production technology
Holstein
herds
extension programs
Sahiwal
animals
farm income
reproductive efficiency
cattle breeds
foot-and-mouth disease

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McGill, D., Warriach, H., Bush, R. D., & Wynn, P. (2011). Improving the productivity of dairy cattle and buffalo on small-holder dairy farms in Pakistan. In 3rd International Conference: strategies and challenges for sustainable animal agriculture-crop systems (pp. 115-116). Nakhon Ratchasima: Suranaree University of Technology.
McGill, David ; Warriach, Hassan ; Bush, R.D. ; Wynn, Peter. / Improving the productivity of dairy cattle and buffalo on small-holder dairy farms in Pakistan. 3rd International Conference: strategies and challenges for sustainable animal agriculture-crop systems. Nakhon Ratchasima : Suranaree University of Technology, 2011. pp. 115-116
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abstract = "Farms based on buffalo did not record milk production responses to the extension protocols. By contrast dramatic increases of 1.9 litres per day were recorded in crossbred cattle based on Holstein Friesian and local tropically adapted breeds. Close to pure-bred Holstein-Friesian cattle responded with an increase of 6.8 litres per day, while with Sahiwal cattle the response was a modest 1.7 litres per day. Non-descript local cattle provided only a modest increment of 0.6 litres. These results demonstrate that routine farm production systems are not meeting the needs of cattle breeds, whereas buffalo appear to be much better adapted to these environments. This would suggest that strategies used for boosting milk output from cattle will vary from those adopted in buffalo production systems. It is likely that the nutritional requirements for peak milk production will vary between genotypes: the physiological basis for this differential response requires closer investigation.Pakistan is one of the largest milk producing countries in the world with the majority of the 8.5 million dairy farms consisting of less than ten milking cows or buffalo producing less than 5 litres of milk per day. With a national herd exceeding 50 million animals in a relatively small agricultural area it is important that the productivity per animal be increased with the aim of reducing the size of the national herd while increasing national milk production. We have studied the responsiveness of small-holder dairy farmers to dairy extension programs to improve the productivity in two regions of Punjab state. The farmers were either serviced by basic industry support services for the management of cow health and reproduction and provision of the feed base (Okara, n=123) or where services were limited in the desert region of western Punjab (Bhakkar, n=107). We conducted a longitudinal survey of daily farm productivity over 2 years until December 2009. The key extension messages related to untying animals to give the full access to water and feed and to the provision of greater quantities of high quality forages and concentrates where they were available. The other concepts introduced included appropriate vaccination against foot and mouth disease, drenching, calf rearing and reproductive efficiency. The extension team were instructed on how to work effectively with farmers with the ultimate goal of increasing farm income.",
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McGill, D, Warriach, H, Bush, RD & Wynn, P 2011, Improving the productivity of dairy cattle and buffalo on small-holder dairy farms in Pakistan. in 3rd International Conference: strategies and challenges for sustainable animal agriculture-crop systems. Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, pp. 115-116, International Conference for Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC), Thailand, 26/07/11.

Improving the productivity of dairy cattle and buffalo on small-holder dairy farms in Pakistan. / McGill, David; Warriach, Hassan; Bush, R.D.; Wynn, Peter.

3rd International Conference: strategies and challenges for sustainable animal agriculture-crop systems. Nakhon Ratchasima : Suranaree University of Technology, 2011. p. 115-116.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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T1 - Improving the productivity of dairy cattle and buffalo on small-holder dairy farms in Pakistan

AU - McGill, David

AU - Warriach, Hassan

AU - Bush, R.D.

AU - Wynn, Peter

N1 - Imported on 03 May 2017 - DigiTool details were: publisher = Nakhon Ratchasima: Suranaree University of Technology, 2011. Event dates (773o) = 26-29 July 2011; Parent title (773t) = International Conference for Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC).

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Farms based on buffalo did not record milk production responses to the extension protocols. By contrast dramatic increases of 1.9 litres per day were recorded in crossbred cattle based on Holstein Friesian and local tropically adapted breeds. Close to pure-bred Holstein-Friesian cattle responded with an increase of 6.8 litres per day, while with Sahiwal cattle the response was a modest 1.7 litres per day. Non-descript local cattle provided only a modest increment of 0.6 litres. These results demonstrate that routine farm production systems are not meeting the needs of cattle breeds, whereas buffalo appear to be much better adapted to these environments. This would suggest that strategies used for boosting milk output from cattle will vary from those adopted in buffalo production systems. It is likely that the nutritional requirements for peak milk production will vary between genotypes: the physiological basis for this differential response requires closer investigation.Pakistan is one of the largest milk producing countries in the world with the majority of the 8.5 million dairy farms consisting of less than ten milking cows or buffalo producing less than 5 litres of milk per day. With a national herd exceeding 50 million animals in a relatively small agricultural area it is important that the productivity per animal be increased with the aim of reducing the size of the national herd while increasing national milk production. We have studied the responsiveness of small-holder dairy farmers to dairy extension programs to improve the productivity in two regions of Punjab state. The farmers were either serviced by basic industry support services for the management of cow health and reproduction and provision of the feed base (Okara, n=123) or where services were limited in the desert region of western Punjab (Bhakkar, n=107). We conducted a longitudinal survey of daily farm productivity over 2 years until December 2009. The key extension messages related to untying animals to give the full access to water and feed and to the provision of greater quantities of high quality forages and concentrates where they were available. The other concepts introduced included appropriate vaccination against foot and mouth disease, drenching, calf rearing and reproductive efficiency. The extension team were instructed on how to work effectively with farmers with the ultimate goal of increasing farm income.

AB - Farms based on buffalo did not record milk production responses to the extension protocols. By contrast dramatic increases of 1.9 litres per day were recorded in crossbred cattle based on Holstein Friesian and local tropically adapted breeds. Close to pure-bred Holstein-Friesian cattle responded with an increase of 6.8 litres per day, while with Sahiwal cattle the response was a modest 1.7 litres per day. Non-descript local cattle provided only a modest increment of 0.6 litres. These results demonstrate that routine farm production systems are not meeting the needs of cattle breeds, whereas buffalo appear to be much better adapted to these environments. This would suggest that strategies used for boosting milk output from cattle will vary from those adopted in buffalo production systems. It is likely that the nutritional requirements for peak milk production will vary between genotypes: the physiological basis for this differential response requires closer investigation.Pakistan is one of the largest milk producing countries in the world with the majority of the 8.5 million dairy farms consisting of less than ten milking cows or buffalo producing less than 5 litres of milk per day. With a national herd exceeding 50 million animals in a relatively small agricultural area it is important that the productivity per animal be increased with the aim of reducing the size of the national herd while increasing national milk production. We have studied the responsiveness of small-holder dairy farmers to dairy extension programs to improve the productivity in two regions of Punjab state. The farmers were either serviced by basic industry support services for the management of cow health and reproduction and provision of the feed base (Okara, n=123) or where services were limited in the desert region of western Punjab (Bhakkar, n=107). We conducted a longitudinal survey of daily farm productivity over 2 years until December 2009. The key extension messages related to untying animals to give the full access to water and feed and to the provision of greater quantities of high quality forages and concentrates where they were available. The other concepts introduced included appropriate vaccination against foot and mouth disease, drenching, calf rearing and reproductive efficiency. The extension team were instructed on how to work effectively with farmers with the ultimate goal of increasing farm income.

KW - Open access version available

KW - Animals

KW - Artiodactyla

KW - Asia

KW - Bos

KW - Bovidae

KW - Bubalus

KW - Chordata

KW - Commonwealth of Nations

KW - Developing Countries

KW - Eukaryotes

KW - Foot-and-mouth disease virus

KW - Mammals

KW - Pakistan

KW - Picornaviridae

KW - Positive-sense ssRNA viruses

KW - RNA viruses

KW - Ruminants

KW - South Asia

KW - SsRNA viruses

KW - Ungulates

KW - Vertebrates

KW - Viruses

M3 - Conference paper

SP - 115

EP - 116

BT - 3rd International Conference

PB - Suranaree University of Technology

CY - Nakhon Ratchasima

ER -

McGill D, Warriach H, Bush RD, Wynn P. Improving the productivity of dairy cattle and buffalo on small-holder dairy farms in Pakistan. In 3rd International Conference: strategies and challenges for sustainable animal agriculture-crop systems. Nakhon Ratchasima: Suranaree University of Technology. 2011. p. 115-116