In defence of necessity

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This paper disputes Uwe Steinhoff’s view that a jus ad bellum requirement of necessity can be merged with a condition of proportionality. It argues that the proposed merger detracts from a conceptual and moral understanding of the structure and rationale of both the necessity and the proportionality considerations applicable in a range of moral contexts, including those of war and so-called lesser evils cases, where these conditions are intended as action-guiding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2317-2325
Number of pages9
JournalPhilosophia (United States)
Issue number5
Early online dateAug 2023
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


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