In vitro comparison of three materials as apical sealants of equine premolar and molar teeth

G. Steenkamp, A. Olivier-Carstens, W. F.P. Van Heerden, D. A. Crossley, S. C. Boy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Reasons for performing study: Surgical endodontic therapy is a conservative dental technique used in horses with some degree of clinical success. Failure of this procedure can partially be explained by inadequate sealing of the root apices with resultant microleakage in the periapical area. Objectives: To assess and compare in vitro sealing ability of 3 different dental restorative materials used as apical sealants during equine surgical endodontics. Methods: Thirty extracted equine cheek teeth were divided randomly into 3 groups and subjected to apicoectomy and apical sealing using 3 materials: reinforced zinc oxide-eugenol cement; intermediate restorative material (IRM); a resin-modified glass ionomer; and amalgam. After apical sealing, the teeth were submerged in a solution of Procion Brilliant Cresyl Blue stain for a period of 7 days. The teeth were then washed, embedded in resin, sectioned and assessed microscopically for dye leakage around the apical restorations. Results: Although the materials proved effective as apical sealants, some dye leakage was encountered in all 3 groups with no statistical difference (P = 0.114). Conclusions and potential relevance: IRM, a resin-modified glass ionomer and amalgam all showed comparative features as apical sealants when used in vitro in equine teeth. IRM is currently regarded as the superior material in clinical situations due to its ease of handling and lesser sensitivity to environmental moisture during placement compared to the other 2 materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-136
Number of pages4
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2005


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