Incidence of milk fever on dairy cows and its risk factors in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia

Samuel Anteneh, Tadesse Guadu, Tewodros Fentahun, Mersha Chanie

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    The study was conducted on 384 dairy cows in Gondar town during October, 2009 to January, 2010 to determine the prevalence of milk fever and risk factors associated with the disease. Data was collected using regular farm visits, clinical examination of periparturent cows and response to treatment. The overall prevalence of milk fever was 30.2%. Milk fever was significantly associated with milk yield (p30 liters of milk per day per cow had 21.83%, 22.4%and 50.92% milk fever respectively. The occurrence of milk fever was 17%, 17% and 73.3% in cows with 50% Friesian blood and 50%Friasian blood cows. Seventy five percent of the cows showed variable response to treatment with Calcium borogluconate, 16.37% did not respond and died and the remaining 8.62% of cows died due to lack of treatment. From these results, milk fever appear to be a big problem in Gondar dairy farms while milk yield, parity and breed are the associated risk factors for the occurrence of milk fever. Therefore, dairy farm owners should be aware of the disease and prepare themselves how to manage peripartum intake of calcium. © IDOSI Publications, 2012.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)659-662
    Number of pages4
    JournalGlobal Veterinaria
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


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