Induced plant resistance and its influence on natural enemy use of plant-derived foods

Islam S. Sobhy, Geoff M. Gurr, T. Hefin Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In response to herbivory, plants employ several inducible defenses to mitigate herbivore damage. These plant-induced responses can trigger subtle changes in plant metabolite composition, altering the profiles of plant-produced exudates such as (extra-) floral nectar and plant guttation. Natural enemies consume these plant-produced exudates, which serve as consistent and nutrient-dense food sources. There is mounting evidence that natural enemies’ access to plant-produced exudates impacts their fitness, performance, and life history traits. Nonetheless, the role of induced plant defense on plant-produced exudates and the subsequent effect on natural enemies remains under-researched. This review, thus, highlights the potential role of induced plant defense on the profiles of plant-produced exudates, with a particular emphasis on altered metabolic changes affecting resource nutritional value and consequently the fitness and performance of natural enemies. Future directions and potential implications in biological control practices are also highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101218
JournalCurrent Opinion in Insect Science
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2024

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