Influence of Approach Velocity and Mesh Size on the Entrainment and Contact of a Lowland River Fish Assemblage at a Screened Irrigation Pump

Craig A. Boys, Wayne Robinson, Lee Baumgartner, Ben Rampano, Michael Lowry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Fish screens can help prevent the entrainment or injury of fish at irrigation diversions, but only when designedappropriately. Design criteria cannot simply be transferred between sites or pump systems and need to be developed usingan evidence-based approach with the needs of local species in mind. Laboratory testing is typically used to quantify fishresponses at intake screens, but often limits the number of species that can studied and creates artificial conditions notdirectly applicable to screens in the wild. In this study a field-based approach was used to assess the appropriateness ofdifferent screen design attributes for the protection of a lowland river fish assemblage at an experimental irrigation pump.Direct netting of entrained fish was used along with sonar technology to quantify the probability of screen contact for aMurray-Darling Basin (Australia) fish species. Two approach velocities (0.1 and 0.5 m.sec21) and different sizes of wovenmesh (5, 10 and 20 mm) were evaluated. Smaller fish (,150 mm) in the assemblage were significantly more susceptible toentrainment and screen contact, especially at higher approach velocities. Mesh size appeared to have little impact on screencontact and entrainment, suggesting that approach velocity rather than mesh size is likely to be the primary considerationwhen developing screens. Until the effects of screen contacts on injury and survival of these species are better understood,it is recommended that approach velocities not exceed 0.1 m.sec21 when the desire is to protect the largest range ofspecies and size classes for lowland river fish assemblages in the Murray-Darling Basin. The field method tested proved to bea useful approach that could compliment laboratory studies to refine fish screen design and facilitate field validation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Irrigation
Rivers
pumps
Fish
lowlands
Fishes
Pumps
irrigation
rivers
fish
basins
netting
Wounds and Injuries
Sonar
Catchments
Technology
Testing

Cite this

@article{d50fb147aaf844419307821835f59e21,
title = "Influence of Approach Velocity and Mesh Size on the Entrainment and Contact of a Lowland River Fish Assemblage at a Screened Irrigation Pump",
abstract = "Fish screens can help prevent the entrainment or injury of fish at irrigation diversions, but only when designedappropriately. Design criteria cannot simply be transferred between sites or pump systems and need to be developed usingan evidence-based approach with the needs of local species in mind. Laboratory testing is typically used to quantify fishresponses at intake screens, but often limits the number of species that can studied and creates artificial conditions notdirectly applicable to screens in the wild. In this study a field-based approach was used to assess the appropriateness ofdifferent screen design attributes for the protection of a lowland river fish assemblage at an experimental irrigation pump.Direct netting of entrained fish was used along with sonar technology to quantify the probability of screen contact for aMurray-Darling Basin (Australia) fish species. Two approach velocities (0.1 and 0.5 m.sec21) and different sizes of wovenmesh (5, 10 and 20 mm) were evaluated. Smaller fish (,150 mm) in the assemblage were significantly more susceptible toentrainment and screen contact, especially at higher approach velocities. Mesh size appeared to have little impact on screencontact and entrainment, suggesting that approach velocity rather than mesh size is likely to be the primary considerationwhen developing screens. Until the effects of screen contacts on injury and survival of these species are better understood,it is recommended that approach velocities not exceed 0.1 m.sec21 when the desire is to protect the largest range ofspecies and size classes for lowland river fish assemblages in the Murray-Darling Basin. The field method tested proved to bea useful approach that could compliment laboratory studies to refine fish screen design and facilitate field validation.",
keywords = "Open access version available, Fish, Irrigation Diversion, Murray Darling Basin",
author = "Boys, {Craig A.} and Wayne Robinson and Lee Baumgartner and Ben Rampano and Michael Lowry",
note = "Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = June, 2013; Journal title (773t) = PLoS One. ISSNs: 1932-6203;",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0067026.g008",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science (PLoS)",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of Approach Velocity and Mesh Size on the Entrainment and Contact of a Lowland River Fish Assemblage at a Screened Irrigation Pump

AU - Boys, Craig A.

AU - Robinson, Wayne

AU - Baumgartner, Lee

AU - Rampano, Ben

AU - Lowry, Michael

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = June, 2013; Journal title (773t) = PLoS One. ISSNs: 1932-6203;

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - Fish screens can help prevent the entrainment or injury of fish at irrigation diversions, but only when designedappropriately. Design criteria cannot simply be transferred between sites or pump systems and need to be developed usingan evidence-based approach with the needs of local species in mind. Laboratory testing is typically used to quantify fishresponses at intake screens, but often limits the number of species that can studied and creates artificial conditions notdirectly applicable to screens in the wild. In this study a field-based approach was used to assess the appropriateness ofdifferent screen design attributes for the protection of a lowland river fish assemblage at an experimental irrigation pump.Direct netting of entrained fish was used along with sonar technology to quantify the probability of screen contact for aMurray-Darling Basin (Australia) fish species. Two approach velocities (0.1 and 0.5 m.sec21) and different sizes of wovenmesh (5, 10 and 20 mm) were evaluated. Smaller fish (,150 mm) in the assemblage were significantly more susceptible toentrainment and screen contact, especially at higher approach velocities. Mesh size appeared to have little impact on screencontact and entrainment, suggesting that approach velocity rather than mesh size is likely to be the primary considerationwhen developing screens. Until the effects of screen contacts on injury and survival of these species are better understood,it is recommended that approach velocities not exceed 0.1 m.sec21 when the desire is to protect the largest range ofspecies and size classes for lowland river fish assemblages in the Murray-Darling Basin. The field method tested proved to bea useful approach that could compliment laboratory studies to refine fish screen design and facilitate field validation.

AB - Fish screens can help prevent the entrainment or injury of fish at irrigation diversions, but only when designedappropriately. Design criteria cannot simply be transferred between sites or pump systems and need to be developed usingan evidence-based approach with the needs of local species in mind. Laboratory testing is typically used to quantify fishresponses at intake screens, but often limits the number of species that can studied and creates artificial conditions notdirectly applicable to screens in the wild. In this study a field-based approach was used to assess the appropriateness ofdifferent screen design attributes for the protection of a lowland river fish assemblage at an experimental irrigation pump.Direct netting of entrained fish was used along with sonar technology to quantify the probability of screen contact for aMurray-Darling Basin (Australia) fish species. Two approach velocities (0.1 and 0.5 m.sec21) and different sizes of wovenmesh (5, 10 and 20 mm) were evaluated. Smaller fish (,150 mm) in the assemblage were significantly more susceptible toentrainment and screen contact, especially at higher approach velocities. Mesh size appeared to have little impact on screencontact and entrainment, suggesting that approach velocity rather than mesh size is likely to be the primary considerationwhen developing screens. Until the effects of screen contacts on injury and survival of these species are better understood,it is recommended that approach velocities not exceed 0.1 m.sec21 when the desire is to protect the largest range ofspecies and size classes for lowland river fish assemblages in the Murray-Darling Basin. The field method tested proved to bea useful approach that could compliment laboratory studies to refine fish screen design and facilitate field validation.

KW - Open access version available

KW - Fish

KW - Irrigation Diversion

KW - Murray Darling Basin

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0067026.g008

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0067026.g008

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 6

ER -