Influence of incubation temperature on the behavior of triethylamine- extractable glyphosate (N-phosphonomethylglycine) in four soils

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Abstract

The behavior of glyphosate, extracted from four soils using aqueous triethylamine, was investigated at two temperatures. For each soil, and at both temperatures, there was a marked loss in the amount of extractable glyphosate immediately after addition of the herbicide to soil. This rapid loss of glyphosate was ascribed to adsorption of the herbicide into a nonextractable form. For three of the four soils used when incubated at 25 °C, the rates of loss of extractable glyphosate were similar to previously measured rates of degradation of this herbicide in these soils. However, loss of extractable glyphosate from the Culgoa clay loam was due not only to substrate degradation but also to slow sorption of glyphosate into the nonextractable form in this soil over the experimental period. For the Rutherglen and Walpeup soils, when incubated at 10 °C, the rates of loss of extractable glyphosate were half of the previously measured rate of degradation of this herbicide in these soils. However, there was no measured loss of extractable glyphosate from the Wimmera clay. As previous work has shown glyphosate to decompose readily in these soils at this temperature, these findings suggest that desorption of glyphosate may occur at a rate greater than degradation at this temperature and, hence, that temperature may play a pivotal role in sorption processes. Investigations with these soils when sterilized by γ-irradiation showed that for the Walpeup, Wimmera, and Rutherglen soils, sorption was complete soon after the addition of the herbicide; however, for the Culgoa soil, further adsorption occurred over the entire experimental period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2459-2467
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume47
Issue number6
Early online date30 Apr 1999
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 1999

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