Early pregnancy failure or loss (EPL) represents a major source of wastage and inefficiency in livestock production systems. Although successful embryo development is dependant upon genetic and epigenetic contributions from both the male and female, potential adverse male affects on embryo quality and development are often underestimated. Of those adverse male effects which have been identified, those associated with sperm and semen “quality” have been best characterized. In turn, although many factors can adversely impact semen quality, the mechanisms involved are relatively few. This presents opportunities for identifying biological markers for spermatogenic damage, as well as protective measures.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2007|