Inherited and acquired factor V deficiency

Giuseppe Lippi, Emmanuel J Favaloro, Martina Montagnana, Franco Manzato, Gian C Guidi, Massimo Franchini

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The clotting factor V, also known as proaccelerin or labile factor, is synthesized by the liver and possibly by the megakaryocytes. Factor V exerts a pivotal role in hemostasis, as it participates in both procoagulant and anticoagulant pathways, being an essential cofactor of the prothrombinase complex in the former case and participating in the inactivation of factor VIII (FVIII) in the latter. Isolated factor V deficiency due to mutations in the F5 gene is a rare inherited coagulopathy typically associated with a broad spectrum of bleeding symptoms, ranging from easy bruising, delayed bleeding after haemostatic challenges such as trauma or surgery to more severe joint bleeds. The combined deficiency of factor V and FVIII, commonly known as F5F8D, is a recessive disorder not attributable to the association of isolated factor V and FVIII deficiencies, but rather to defective intracellular processing of both proteins due to mutations involving the LMAN1 and MCFD2 genes, which encode two proteins forming an essential cargo receptor complex. Overall, patients affected by F5F8D do not bleed more in terms of both frequency and severity than those carrying specific deficiencies of both factors and the bleeding phenotype is generally mild. Although now increasingly rare, inhibitors directed against factor V may also develop in individuals of any age and are characterized by a very heterogeneous clinical phenotype. The aim of the current review is to provide an overview on the physiopathology, diagnostics, and clinical management of both inherited and acquired factor V deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-6
Number of pages7
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

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