Initial validation of a needs instrument for young people bereaved by familial cancer

Pandora Patterson, Fiona E.J. McDonald, Daniel S.J. Costa, Richard Tindle, Kimberley R. Allison, Sue E. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to validate the Bereaved Cancer Needs Instrument (BCNI), an instrument designed to assess the unmet psychosocial needs of adolescents and young adults (AYAs, 12–25 years) who have experienced the death of a parent or sibling to cancer. Methods: In total, 335 participants aged 12 to 25 (M = 15.80, SD = 3.32) who had experienced the death of a parent (N = 297) or sibling (N = 38) from cancer took part in this study. Participants completed the BCNI, the Kessler-10 psychological distress scale (K10), and several items assessing the acceptability of the BCNI.
Results: Exploratory factor analysis indicated that a seven-factor structure best fit the BCNI, accounting for 56.65% of the variance in unmet psychosocial needs of cancer-bereaved AYAs. The measure had good psychometric properties, high levels of internal consistency for all domains, and correlated strongly with the K10 (r =.59, p <.001). Item response theory analysis demonstrated that the response scale was appropriate, with strong discrimination indices. Analyses also indicated the potential to reduce the BCNI from 58 items to a 37-item short-form, although this will require further validation.
Conclusions: The BCNI is the first psychometrically validated instrument to identify the unmet psychosocial needs of bereaved AYAs who have experienced the death of a parent or sibling to cancer. The instrument can be used in research and health care settings to identify the unmet needs of young people bereaved by cancer and provide targeted support to reduce psychological distress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3637-3648
Number of pages12
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume28
Issue number8
Early online date06 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

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