Insight vs readiness: Factors affecting engagement in therapy from the perspectives of adults with TBI and their significant others

Anna O'Callaghan, Lindy McAllister, Linda Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Adults sustain significant, often irreversible impairments following brain injury. The process they go throughcoming to terms with these impairments can seriously interfere with their readiness to engage in rehabilitation.Aim: This study aimed to look beyond the development of self-awareness and insight in order to explore the concept ofreadiness as it relates to clients' experiences of engaging with therapy.Method: Sixteen in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 adults with a moderate'severe traumatic brain injury (TBI)and nine of their significant others. These participants were asked to speak about the continuum of care they experiencedand the factors that effected their engagement with care.Results: The results of this study indicated that participants believed their ability to engage in therapy was related to thedegree to which they were aware of and accepted their impairments and motivated to engage in rehabilitation. Participantsreported that the rate and degree to which they developed awareness varied according to the type of impairments theyexperienced (i.e. physical vs cognitive). Participants also stated that one way to augment their awareness was to comparetheir new vs old selves and to compare their recovery to those of others with a similar impairment. Finally, participantsreported that it was important to be able to access services when they had accepted their impairment and were ready toengage in therapy.Conclusion: The clinical implications for considering the degree of awareness of impairments and readiness for engagementin care of an adult with a moderate'severe TBI are discussed in relation to future services planning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1599-1610
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Injury
Volume26
Issue number13-14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

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