Intelligence Meets Enforcement: the Policy and Practice Benchmarks arising from inter-organisational relations implemented to address the "wicked issue" of transnational criminality in Denmark, Finland and New Zealand

Richard Shortt

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Abstract

This study looks at how “wicked” security issues like transnational criminality (including both terrorism and transnational crime) were being responded to in three “intermediate capacity” countries. The study describes how governments, intelligence and law enforcement communities (or agencies) in Denmark, Finland and New Zealand structured and managed their inter-organisational relationships during the period 2007–2012.

The study’s literature review identified that six inter-organisational relationship types exist, and enabled the fundamental features of each to be identified so as to differentiate more clearly between each type. That knowledge was then used to assess the contents of publicly available secondary sources, gathered from official government websites or scholarly publications, detailing intelligence and law enforcement inter-organisational relationships in the three case study countries.

The case studies established that the inter-organisational relationships in the three countries involved a combination of cooperation, coordination and collaboration relationship types, using networked structures of multiple agencies to target specific “wicked” security issues such as terrorism, human trafficking or cyber attack/crime. Those results were then aggregated enabling a combined perspective of the findings. From that combined perspective a number of policy and practice benchmarks and implications were distilled.

The distillation revealed that four elements were either explicitly or implicitly evident across the countries studied, enabling the inter-organisational relationships observed to occur. The four elements were labelled: Permission, Leadership, Flexibility, and Adaptability. Government’s wishing to emulate the case study countries’ approach, need to begin by addressing the presence of those four elements in their own environments.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Charles Sturt University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Prunckun, Henry, Principal Supervisor
Award date01 Jul 2015
Place of PublicationAustralia
Publisher
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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