Investigating photosensitisation in livestock resulting from ingestion of the pasture legume Biserrula pelecinus L.

Research output: Other contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Biserrula pelecinus L. is an annual legume native to the southern Mediterranean. It was first introduced to Australia in 1991 as a potentially valuable rotational pasture species for livestock production. It produces large quantities of biomass, exhibits drought tolerance and is effective for weed suppression in pasture rotations. However, despite proving to be a valuable addition to the pasture toolbox, producers in NSW and WA have reported a limiting factor to uptake: incidence of severe photosensitization when grazing sheep on biserrula pastures. Biserrula photosensitivity, anecdotally, appears to be associated with non-senescent foliage and shows an increased severity of clinical signs in young animals grazing green tissues; however, the pathogenesis of this photosensitization and the metabolite(s) responsible are, as yet, unknown. Studies reported in this project have identified that both commercially available cultivars of biserrula, ‘Casbah’ and ‘Mauro’ can cause outbreaks of primary photosensitization. This work identified that fresh foliar extracts were photosensitizing, and that this activity diminished greatly with drying. Both cultivars were found to be equally bioactive, and photocytotoxic activity was associated with extracts from field-grown biserrula at all stages of plant growth until senescence. Biochemical analysis using fractionated extracts, bioactivity-guided metabolic profiling is described as an experimental approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages72
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event10th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants : ISOPP 10 - Red Lion Conference Center, St George , United States
Duration: 16 Sep 201820 Sep 2018
https://conference.usu.edu/ISOPP/
https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/poisonousplantresearch/vol1/iss1/3/ (Proceedings)

Conference

Conference10th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants
CountryUnited States
CitySt George
Period16/09/1820/09/18
Internet address

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