Is the Mediterranean Diet Pattern Associated with Weight Related Health Complications in Adults? A Cross-Sectional Study of Australian Health Survey

Canaan Negash Seifu, Paul Patrick Fahey, Kedir Yimam Ahmed, Evan Atlantis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We hypothesized that unhealthy dietary pattern would be associated with weight related complications among overweight. We analysed data from the Australian Health Survey conducted from 2011 to 2013. A total of 5055 adults with at least overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) were analysed. We used logistic regression to assess the association between unhealthy dietary pattern, defined by low adherence to Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), and weight related complications, defined by the Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS). We repeated the logistic regression models by age and socio-economic disadvantage strata in sensitivity analyses. We also repeated the main analysis on a propensity score matched dataset (n = 3364). Complications by EOSS ≥2 was present in 3036 (60.1%) participants. There was no statistically significant association between unhealthy dietary pattern and weight related complication (odds ratio 0.98 (95%confidence interval: 0.85, 1.12)). The null association remained the same after repeating the analysis on three age and five socio-economic indexes for areas strata. The finding persisted after the analysis was repeated on a propensity score matched dataset. We found no evidence to support the hypothesis that unhealthy dietary pattern was associated with weight related complications in this cross-sectional study of the Australian population with overweight or obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3905
Number of pages10
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2021

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