Since the signing of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil during the Earth Summit in June 1992, community participation in the conservation of natural resources, especially in biological diversity, has become the subject of much global discussion. The issue of how participation should be approached depends very much on the different cultural and social contexts from which it is viewed. Similarly there has been much global debate on various models of conservation and how best conservation should be approached. The Integrated Conservation and Development Model is a new paradigm that supersedes the old paradigm of strict nature conservation. It calls for social and economic incentives for the resource owners, who mainly inhabit the global forest systems of poor and marginalised communities in developing countries. The traditional owners are often willing to make available their forests, as well as human resources in terms of labour and locally acquired traditional knowledge, in order to implement appropriate and applicable practices for the better management or protection of biological diversity in that given area. While there is a genuine undertaking and desire by the Governments and peoples of the developing countries for conservation of biological diversity, there is however, differing and opposing perspectives between the leaders of developed and the developing countries on what, who, why and how such biodiversity should be managed for the benefit of humankind. Western countries that possess the financial resources and well established institutions of higher learning and research capabilities are often at the helm of a decision making process that often leads to the importation of culturally inappropriate concepts of conservation and natural resource management practices for developing nations.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||01 Nov 2012|
|Place of Publication||Australia|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|