Laboratory testing plays a very important role in avian health assessment and should focus on detecting and characterizing organ system derangement and the pathophysiological mechanisms, as well as helping detect specific etiologies. General tests such as hematology and plasma protein electrophoresis are invaluable for assessing both innate immune responses and alterations in the erythron, which can provide information on chronicity and severity of disease as well as providing baseline prognostic indications of recovery. Birds are predominantly uricotelic, and clinicopathologic assessments of the renal system must consider that the kidneys, the intestinal tract, the salt glands, the skin, and the respiratory tract as well as the energy status might all contribute to avian osmoregulation and nitrogenous waste excretion. Dietary considerations are also important, with the enhanced protein catabolism of carnivorous birds causing postprandial elevations and otherwise higher reference blood uric acid ranges in raptors and penguins.
|Title of host publication||Exotic animal laboratory diagnosis|
|Editors||J. Jill Heatley, Karen E. Russell|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 06 Mar 2020|
|Name||Exotic Animal Laboratory Diagnosis|