Laboratory testing for factor inhibitors

E J Favaloro, B Verbruggen, C H Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhibitor assays are performed when patients present with unexplained prolonged routine coagulation test times and unexpected and/or unusual bleeding (potential for acquired haemophilia) as well as being a part of normal congenital haemophilia management and monitoring, particularly when bleeding occurs on therapy, or when increments in factor levels post-factor replacement remain lower than expected. In this article, we will describe the assays used, as well as their development, pitfalls in testing such as inter-laboratory variability and false negative/positive results, as well as some strategies for overcoming these pitfalls and potential alternative test approaches. The inter-laboratory coefficient of variation often approaches (and sometimes exceeds) 50%, as evidenced by various external quality assessment groups, and this variability has not improved over recent years. Additional important considerations include appropriate interpretation of test results, repeat testing for confirmation, and assessment of recovery as part of the diagnostic process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-8
Number of pages5
JournalHaemophilia
Volume20 Suppl 4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

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