Late-season shiraz berry Dehydration that alters composition and sensory traits of wine

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Late-season berry dehydration (LSD) is a common occurrence in Shiraz grapes, particularly those grown in hot climates. LSD results in significant yield reductions; however, the effects on wine composition and sensory characteristics are not well-documented. Wines made of 100% nonshriveled clusters (control) were related to red fruit flavors by the sensory panel, whereas wines made of 80% shriveled clusters (S-VCT) were perceived as more alcoholic and associated with dark fruit and dead/stewed fruit characters. The latter wines also resulted in higher concentrations of massoia lactone and γ-nonalactone, compounds known to contribute to prune and stewed-fruit aromas. Wines made of shriveled grapes were also characterized by an increase in C6-alcohols and a decrease in esters, whereas wine terpenoids were altered compound-specific. An increase in orange pigments and wine chemical age in S-VCT wines indicated faster oxidative aging compared to the control. LSD appeared to alter final wine composition directly but also appeared to influence yeast metabolism, potentially due to an alteration of the composition of lipids in the grape juice. This study emphasized the relevance of sorting shriveled and nonshriveled berries for final wine chemical composition and wine style.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7750-7757
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018


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