Cell-based therapies, such as myoblast transfer therapy, are likely to become an integral part of any approach to treat myopathies such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Previous studies have shown that an increased level of regeneration in the host muscle enhances incorporation of donor myoblasts. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) increases the number of dystrophic fibers expressing dystrophin after myoblast transplantation and enhances regeneration in injured and diseased muscle. Morphometric analysis was used to investigate whether an increased level of regeneration is induced by LIF after myoblast transplantation, We found that, in muscles treated with LIF, the number of fibers undergoing regeneration was increased. The increased incorporation of donor myoblasts and thus dystrophin expression induced by LIF may be due, at least in part, to an increased level of regeneration of dystrophic muscle.