Lifestyle and self-management determinants of hypertension control in a sample of Australian adults

Saman Khalesi, Christopher Irwin, Jing Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Poor hypertension control can increase the risk of cardiovascular, renal and kidney diseases, and increase the social and economic burden of the disease. Methods: This study aimed to explore the lifestyle and self-management skills (medication adherence, self-monitoring, self-efficacy) determinants of hypertension control in a sample of hypertensive Australians. In a cross-sectional design, a total of 233 hypertensive adults completed a survey. Hypertension control was categorised as good control if hypertensive individuals managed to reduce their blood pressure (BP) < 140/90 mmHg, otherwise it was categorised as poor control. Data were analysed using bivariate analysis and hierarchical logistic regression. Results: 55% of the participants had poor BP control. A significantly higher frequency of poor BP self-monitoring was observed in individuals with poor control compared to their counterparts. Poor self-monitoring and a sedentary lifestyle were associated with higher odds of poor control (OR: 5.33, 95% CI: 1.78–15.93; p < 0.01, and OR: 4.69, 95% CI: 1.00–22.25; p < 0.05, respectively). No significant association was observed between other variables and hypertension control. Conclusion: Successful BP control for hypertensive individuals may require interventions and strategies that assist with improving BP self-monitoring skills and increasing physical activity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-236
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04 Mar 2018

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