Locally applied high air temperature significantly altered bunch stem and grape berry physiology

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePresentation only

Abstract

Climate change projections show major changes regarding temperature: a global warming with an increase average temperature and in frequency and severity of punctual heat events. Such changes in temperature will significantly affect the grapevine growing cycle and the bunch microclimate, known to be a major regulator of grape metabolism. A heating system adapted from Tarara et al. (2000) was built to heat individual bunches without changing their exposure. Two experiments were performed to screen the effect of several independent parameters related to temperature. The first experiment used a factorial design and compared average day temperature (25 versus 40 °C) and night temperature (20 versus 30 °C). The second one combined three intensity levels (30, 37 and 44 °C) and five durations (varying from 3 to 39 hours) of heat treatments using a Doehlert design. Experiments were conducted in a UV-transparent glasshouse, where temperature was recorded using thermocouples (air) and a thermal camera (bunch). Light, humidity, CO2 and vine physiology were either controlled or monitored. Experiment 1 showed that day temperature had a greater effect on berry weight compared to night temperature. However, both induced a change in maturation rate and berry composition. Experiment 2 showed that the effect of temperature on berry weight was proportional to the intensity of temperature. Also, average heat at 44 °C induced bunch stem necrosis and berry shrivelling symptoms, independently of the length of the treatment, suggesting that changes in physiology were irreversible for berries reaching such a high temperature even for a short amount of time.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event20th GiESCO International Meeting - Mendoza, Argentina
Duration: 05 Nov 201709 Nov 2017
http://www.oiv.int/en/oiv-life/20th-giesco-international-meeting (Conference website)

Conference

Conference20th GiESCO International Meeting
CountryArgentina
CityMendoza
Period05/11/1709/11/17
OtherThe 20th GiESCO International Meeting (Group of International Experts for Cooperation on Vitivinicultural Systems) took place in Mendoza, Argentina on 5-9 November 2017.

More than 250 experts from around the world (over 20 countries represented) took part in the different sessions of this conference, which was dedicated in particular to the sustainability of viticulture in the different scenarios of climate change.
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grapes
air temperature
physiology
stems
small fruits
temperature
heat
night temperature
heating systems
thermocouples
microclimate
cameras
vines
signs and symptoms (plants)
global warming
humidity
necrosis
carbon dioxide
heat treatment
climate change

Cite this

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title = "Locally applied high air temperature significantly altered bunch stem and grape berry physiology",
abstract = "Climate change projections show major changes regarding temperature: a global warming with an increase average temperature and in frequency and severity of punctual heat events. Such changes in temperature will significantly affect the grapevine growing cycle and the bunch microclimate, known to be a major regulator of grape metabolism. A heating system adapted from Tarara et al. (2000) was built to heat individual bunches without changing their exposure. Two experiments were performed to screen the effect of several independent parameters related to temperature. The first experiment used a factorial design and compared average day temperature (25 versus 40 °C) and night temperature (20 versus 30 °C). The second one combined three intensity levels (30, 37 and 44 °C) and five durations (varying from 3 to 39 hours) of heat treatments using a Doehlert design. Experiments were conducted in a UV-transparent glasshouse, where temperature was recorded using thermocouples (air) and a thermal camera (bunch). Light, humidity, CO2 and vine physiology were either controlled or monitored. Experiment 1 showed that day temperature had a greater effect on berry weight compared to night temperature. However, both induced a change in maturation rate and berry composition. Experiment 2 showed that the effect of temperature on berry weight was proportional to the intensity of temperature. Also, average heat at 44 °C induced bunch stem necrosis and berry shrivelling symptoms, independently of the length of the treatment, suggesting that changes in physiology were irreversible for berries reaching such a high temperature even for a short amount of time.",
author = "Julia Gouot and Jason Smith and Bruno Holzapfel and Celia Barril",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
note = "20th GiESCO International Meeting ; Conference date: 05-11-2017 Through 09-11-2017",
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}

Gouot, J, Smith, J, Holzapfel, B & Barril, C 2017, 'Locally applied high air temperature significantly altered bunch stem and grape berry physiology' Paper presented at 20th GiESCO International Meeting, Mendoza, Argentina, 05/11/17 - 09/11/17, .

Locally applied high air temperature significantly altered bunch stem and grape berry physiology. / Gouot, Julia; Smith, Jason; Holzapfel, Bruno; Barril, Celia.

2017. Paper presented at 20th GiESCO International Meeting, Mendoza, Argentina.

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePresentation only

TY - CONF

T1 - Locally applied high air temperature significantly altered bunch stem and grape berry physiology

AU - Gouot, Julia

AU - Smith, Jason

AU - Holzapfel, Bruno

AU - Barril, Celia

PY - 2017

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N2 - Climate change projections show major changes regarding temperature: a global warming with an increase average temperature and in frequency and severity of punctual heat events. Such changes in temperature will significantly affect the grapevine growing cycle and the bunch microclimate, known to be a major regulator of grape metabolism. A heating system adapted from Tarara et al. (2000) was built to heat individual bunches without changing their exposure. Two experiments were performed to screen the effect of several independent parameters related to temperature. The first experiment used a factorial design and compared average day temperature (25 versus 40 °C) and night temperature (20 versus 30 °C). The second one combined three intensity levels (30, 37 and 44 °C) and five durations (varying from 3 to 39 hours) of heat treatments using a Doehlert design. Experiments were conducted in a UV-transparent glasshouse, where temperature was recorded using thermocouples (air) and a thermal camera (bunch). Light, humidity, CO2 and vine physiology were either controlled or monitored. Experiment 1 showed that day temperature had a greater effect on berry weight compared to night temperature. However, both induced a change in maturation rate and berry composition. Experiment 2 showed that the effect of temperature on berry weight was proportional to the intensity of temperature. Also, average heat at 44 °C induced bunch stem necrosis and berry shrivelling symptoms, independently of the length of the treatment, suggesting that changes in physiology were irreversible for berries reaching such a high temperature even for a short amount of time.

AB - Climate change projections show major changes regarding temperature: a global warming with an increase average temperature and in frequency and severity of punctual heat events. Such changes in temperature will significantly affect the grapevine growing cycle and the bunch microclimate, known to be a major regulator of grape metabolism. A heating system adapted from Tarara et al. (2000) was built to heat individual bunches without changing their exposure. Two experiments were performed to screen the effect of several independent parameters related to temperature. The first experiment used a factorial design and compared average day temperature (25 versus 40 °C) and night temperature (20 versus 30 °C). The second one combined three intensity levels (30, 37 and 44 °C) and five durations (varying from 3 to 39 hours) of heat treatments using a Doehlert design. Experiments were conducted in a UV-transparent glasshouse, where temperature was recorded using thermocouples (air) and a thermal camera (bunch). Light, humidity, CO2 and vine physiology were either controlled or monitored. Experiment 1 showed that day temperature had a greater effect on berry weight compared to night temperature. However, both induced a change in maturation rate and berry composition. Experiment 2 showed that the effect of temperature on berry weight was proportional to the intensity of temperature. Also, average heat at 44 °C induced bunch stem necrosis and berry shrivelling symptoms, independently of the length of the treatment, suggesting that changes in physiology were irreversible for berries reaching such a high temperature even for a short amount of time.

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