Low-cost stainless-steel wool anodes modified with polyaniline and polypyrrole for high-performance microbial fuel cells

Jayesh M. Sonawane, Sunil A. Patil, Prakash C. Ghosh, Samuel B. Adeloju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A conducting polymer coated stainless-steel wool (SS-W) is proposed for use as a low-cost anode for microbial fuel cells (MFCs). When coated with polyaniline (PANi) and polypyrrole (PPy), the pristine SS-W, SS/PANi-W and SS/PPy-W anodes produced maximum current densities of 0.30 ± 0.04, 0.67 ± 0.05, 0.56 ± 0.07 mA cm−2, respectively, in air-cathode MFCs. Also, based on achieved power density, both SS/PANi-W and SS/PPy-W achieved 0.288 ± 0.036 mW cm−2 and 0.187 ± 0.017 mW cm−2, respectively, which were superior to 0.127 ± 0.011 mW cm−2 obtained with pristine SS-W. Further, in comparison with SS-P based anodes, all SS-W based anodes gave improved power densities under similar experimental conditions by at least 70%. Moreover, the charge transfer resistance of the SS-W was much lower (240 ± 25 Ω cm−2) than for the SS-P (3192 ± 239 Ω cm−2). The j0(apparent) values obtained for SS/PANi-W (0.098 ± 0.007 mA cm−2) and SS/PPy-W (0.036 ± 0.004 mA cm−2) anodes were also much higher than that of the pristine SS-W (0.020 ± 0.005 mA cm−2), as well as than those of all SS-P based anodes. The observed enhancement of the bioelectrocatalytic performances were well supported by physicochemical and electrochemical characterisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-114
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume379
Early online date24 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2018

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