The colonies of Australia built land transport to enable the production and export of agricultural products to Britain. Railways focused commerce on the colonial, later state, capital cities. Administration of roads and railways has been centralised in the state capitals, despite the increasing influence of the commonwealth (national) government since federation in 1901. Centralisation is conceptualised in terms of political control, government administration and the spatial concentration of industry. It has been facilitated by the administrative structure of government-owned and operated railways and a very fragmented system of local government. The rise of road transport has seen some large organisations emerge outside the state capitals, but the industry remains highly dispersed. These observations are based on secondary sources. They are used to reinterpret Australian regional land transport history to help explain the continuing weakness of regional institutions in transport administration and prompt consideration of the breadth of change required to establish non-metropolitan regional transport planning.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Transport History|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2009|