Manipulation of the internal structure of starch by propionyl treatment and its diverse influence on digestion and in vitro fermentation characteristics

Mei Li, Fenfen Wang, Jing Wang, Rui Wang, Padraig Strappe, Bo Zheng, Zhongkai Zhou, Ling Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

High amylose maize starch (HAMS) and waxy maize starch (WMS) were modified by propionylation and their corresponding physicochemical characteristics, digestion and fermentation properties were studied. The results indicated that two new peaks related to methylene (2.20 ppm) and methyl (0.97 ppm) in the NMR spectrum were formed, indicating the occurrence of propionylation, and this was further confirmed by the formation of a characteristic absorption at 1747 cm−1 in the FTIR spectrum. The propionylation led the modified starch having a lower electron density contrast between the crystalline and amorphous flakes, resulting in the formation of a more compact structure following the increased degrees of substitution (DS). The propionylated starch also had a higher thermal stability and hydrophobicity. These structural changes increased the content of resistant starch (RS) and reduced the predicted glycemic index. More importantly, the gut microbiota fermentation properties indicated that the propionylation of the starch can not only increase the yield of propionate, but also increase the concentration of total short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). This study highlights a new approach to significantly enhance the RS content in starch, together with an increased SCFA generation capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118390
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume270
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2021

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